Biomimetic Architecture

Biomimetic architecture is a multi-disciplinary scientific approach to sustainable design that goes beyond using nature as inspiration for aesthetics but rather deeply studying and applying construction principles that are found in natural environments and species.

Biomimetic Architecture

Biomimicry is a new science that studies nature’s models and then emulates these forms, processes, systems, and strategies to solve human problems – sustainably.

Biomimetic ArchitectureBiomimicry in architecture and manufacturing is the practice of designing buildings and products that simulate or co-opt processes that occur in nature.

There are ultrastrong synthetic spider silks, adhesives modeled after gecko feet, and wind-turbine blades that mimic whale fins.

Biomimetic Architecture“The way biological systems solve problems is pretty different from the way engineered systems solve problems,” says Peter Niewiarowski, biologist at the University of Akron and its Biomimicry Research and Innovation Center.

Biomimetic ArchitectureHuman-designed solutions, he says, are crude and additive. They rely on using more materials or energy to accelerate reactions—both costly expenditures. Natural processes rely on unique geometry and material properties.

Biomimetic Architecture

Biomimicry refers to innovations inspired by nature as one which studies nature and then imitates or takes inspiration from its designs and processes to solve human problems.

Living beings have adapted to a constantly changing environment during evolution through mutation, recombination, and selection.

Biomimetic ArchitectureThe core idea of the biomimetic philosophy is that nature’s inhabitants including animals, plants, and microbes have the most experience in solving problems and have already found the most appropriate ways to last on planet Earth.

Similarly, biomimetic architecture seeks solutions for building sustainability present in nature, not only by replicating their natural forms, but also by understanding the rules governing those forms.

Biomimetic Architecture

Text Source: What is Biomimetic Architecture? / archdaily
Nature Does It Better: Biomimicry in Architecture and Engineering / autodesk
Biomimetic architecture / wikipedia

Video Source:

ICD ITKE Research Pavilion 14-15 / Youtube / Rhino Grasshopper

BUGA Fibre Pavilion, Bundesgartenschau Heilbronn 2019 / Youtube/ Universität Stuttgart

Elytra Filament Pavilion / Youtube/ Victoria and Albert Museum

ICD/ITKE Research Pavilion 2016/2017 – Stuttgart University / Youtube/ Genius Loci Architettura

Biennale Architettura 2021 – Achim Menges and Jan Knippers / Youtube/ BiennaleChannel

RMIT Knitting Robotic Fabrication / Youtube/ Yousheng Chen

ICD-ITKE – PAVILION 2012 / Youtube / Mohamad Fouad Hanifa

ICD_ITKE Research Pavilion 2012- Production footage/ Youtube / amymymmy1688

Zaha Hadid Architects and ETH Zurich develop knitted concrete system / Youtube/ Dezeen

The Eden Project / Youtube/ Grimshaw Architects

Image Source:

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[2]- SOURCE:ICD ITKE Research Pavilion 2013-14. Photographs by ICD/ITKE University Stuttgart

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