PolyBrick 2.0 Bio-Integrative Load Bearing Structures

PolyBrick 2.0

In this paper by integrating specialized expertise across disciplines of architecture, engineering, and material science, authors propose an algorithmic toolset to generate PolyBrick geometries that can be applied to various architectural typologies.

Experimental Biocomposite Pavilion, Segmented Shell Construction, Design, Material Development and Erection

Biocomposite Pavilion

This paper by Hanaa Dahy, Piotr Baszyński and Jan Petrš presents a process of realizing an experimental structure made from biocomposites which were synthesized from lignocellulosic flexible core reinforced by 3D-veneer layers.

Informed Geometries. Parametric Modelling and Energy Analysis in Early Stages of Design

Informed Geometries

This paper by Ionuţ Anton and Daniela Tănase will discuss the implications of parametric modeling and energy analysis in architectural design and will present the authors research in developing architectural forms using computational design tools.

An Algorithm of Rigid Foldable Tessellation Origami to Adapt to Free-Form Surfaces

Origami Tessellation

This research by Hong-Cing Tung and Pei-Hsien Hsu is to compile an algorithm for creating origami forms with developability and flat-foldability on the target surface by generating a Miura-ori tessellation from the geometric of the target surface.

Tensile Configurations: Exploring Spatial Membrane Tensegrity Shell Structures

Tensile Configurations

In this article by Kenneth Tracy et al. a design framework is presented for creating self-supporting membrane tensegrity shell structures with spatial openings, enabled by novel reciprocally tessellated strut configurations.

Designing with gradients: bio-inspired computation for digital fabrication

Designing with Gradients

This paper presents a novel generative model that can create functional and expressive geometries by evolving volumetric gradient patterns. Using three case studies, authors demonstrate the key advantages of their approach.

lightweight conical components for rotational parabolic domes

Parabolic Domes

Although initially intended for academic purposes, this paper by Roberto Narváez-Rodríguez and José Antonio Barrera-Vera was finally led towards the development of hollow lightweight conical components to materialise rotational parabolic domes.

Biomimetic Lightweight Timber Plate Shells: Computational Integration of Robotic Fabrication, Architectural Geometry and Structural Design

Biomimetic Shells

This paper by Achim Menges, Jan Knippers et. al. pursues the development and construction of a robotically fabricated, lightweight timber plate system through a biologically informed, integrative computational design method.

UNDULATUS: design and fabrication of a self-interlocking modular shell structure based on curved-line folding

Modular Shell Structure

Curved-line folding is the act of folding a flat sheet of material along a curved crease pattern in order to create a three-dimensional shape. The pavilion presented in this paper by Stijn Brancart et al. integrates this principle in a kit-of-parts system.

Flexible Systems Flexible Design, Material and Fabrication: The AIA pavilion as a case study

Flexible Systems

This paper by Gernot Riether and Knox Jolly is about the fabrication process of the DesCours pavilion. The construction process will be used to show how parametric software, such as Grasshopper can inform fabrication and material systems.

Performative Morphology in Architecture

Performative Morphology

The first part of this paper by Achim Menges focuses on the explanation of the theoretical framework of ICD’s approach to design computation, which finds its conceptual roots in the integrative processes of biological becoming.

A Methodology of Interactive Motion Facades Design through Parametric Strategies

Interactive Facades

This research by David Stephen Panya, Taehoon Kim and Seungyeon Choo aims to analyze the motion aspect of interactive facades design and simplify the conceptual and performance design process through parametric strategies.

Environmentally Responsive Textiles for Architecture

Responsive Textiles

This paper by Jane Scott describes the framework behind the development of a series of knitted prototypes inspired by the biomimetic model of the hygromorph. Three moisture responsive pieces are described which use properties of wood veneer.

Compliant Laminar Assemblies

Laminar Assemblies

This paper by Pamela Dychengbeng Chua and Lee Fu Hui presents an innovative approach to the design and fabrication of three-dimensional objects from single-piece flat sheets, inspired by the origami technique of twist-closing.

Bandsawn Bands Feature-Based Design and Fabrication of Nested Freeform Surfaces in Wood

Bandsawn Bands

This article by Ryan Luke Johns and Nicholas Foley, illustrates a materially efficient technique for designing and fabricating freeform surfaces within the constraints of irregular wood flitches. The process utilizes a robotically operated bandsaw.

Spatial Textile Hybrids: Computing a Self-Forming behavior

Textile Hybrids

This paper by Jorge Christie introduces a novel approach for generating self-forming textile hybrid structures based on the actuation of pre-stressed textiles with in-space robotic 3D printing.

Kinetic Mirror Facade

Kinetic Mirror Facade

This paper by Ying Wang and and Florian Heinzelmann demonstrates the work on a kinetic mirror façade, which is able to reflect the daylight via mirrors in order to convey messages.

Entropy: Unpacking the form through post digital making


The focus of this project by Evelina Kourteva and Dermott Mc Meel is to investigate ‘digital design’ through the juxtaposition of a human driven and digitally supported creative process.

A Five-axis Robotic Motion Controller for Designers

Robotics for Designers

This paper by Andrew Payne proposes the use of a new set of software tools, called Firefly, paired with a low-cost five-axis robotic motion controller.  This serves as a new means for customized tool path creation and realtime evaluation of parametric designs.

Form-Finding and Design Potentials of Bending-Active Plate Structures

Bending-Active Plates

This article by Simon Schleicher, Andrew Rastetter, Riccardo La Magna, Andreas Schönbrunner, Nicola Haberbosch and Jan Knippers, investigates the form-finding and design potentials of bending-active plate structures.

Pre-Rationalized Parametric Designing of Roof Shells Formed by Repetitive Modules of Catalan Surfaces

Parametric Roof Shells

The aim of this study by Jolanta Dzwierzynska and Aleksandra Prokopska is to develop an original, methodical and practical approach to the early stages of parametric design of roof shells formed by repetitive modules of Catalan surfaces.

Optimizing Digital Organic Freeform Modelling for Fabrication by Using Parameterization With Glass Fibre Reinforced Plastics

Freeform Modelling

This paper by Jan-Ruben Fischer describes which adjustments to the original design were required to take the step from “digital physicality” to “physical digitality” to realize a constructive and economically successful implementation.

Ceramic INformation 3D Printed Pavilion

Ceramic INformation Pavilion

This paper by Christian Lange and Donn Holohan attempts to revitalize the material system of the brick special through the development of an intelligent 3d printing method that works in conjunction with a layman assembly procedure for self-supporting brick structures.

Rigid foldable Origami structures: parametric modelling with Grasshopper

Rigid Foldable Origami

The purpose of this paper by Giulia Curletto is to provide a guideline to design Origami structures using parametric methodology and to describe drawing and structural analysis steps applied to two specific cases: Waterbomb and Yoshimura Origami.

Developing Robotic 3D Printing System for Informed Material Deposition

Robotic 3D Printing

This paper by Sina Mostafavi, Henriette Bier, Serban Bodea and Maria Anton discusses the development of an informed Design-to-Robotic-Production (D2RP) system for additive manufacturing.

The Use of Simulation for Creating Folding Structures

Folding Structures

In this article by Asli Agirbas which presents a particular course, it was intended that all stages should be experienced, from the modeling in the virtual environment to the digital fabrication.

Integration of acoustics in parametric architectural design

Parametric Acoustics

This paper by Dr Thomas Scelo describes the collaborative approach to develop a single algorithm for both acoustic and architectural form generation.

Developable strips and digital fabricated lightweight architecture

Lightweight Architecture

This research by Francisco Gonzalez-Quintial and Andres Martin-Pastor is mainly focused on the development of a system that would be able to offer the potentiality of constructing free-form surfaces by using developable surfaces.

Parametric Robot Control

Parametric Robot Control

In this paper by Johannes Braumann and Sigrid Brell-Cokcan, authors will discuss existing methods of programming industrial robots, published architectural results (Gramazio and Kohler) and the design of a new user interface.

Shape Design and Analysis of Adaptive Structures Using Grasshopper3d

Adaptive Structures

This paper by Lenka Kormaníková, Eva Kormaníková and Dušan Katunský describes adaptive materials and structures used in architecture. An adaptive shape is designed and analyzed using algorithmic plug-in Grasshopper.