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Incessant Replication

The supposed algorithmic architecture has recently emerged as a distinct field within architecture. It is infested with ambiguous research while no rudimentary study of how to practice computational design in general exists. This thesis by Ron Aasholm thus studies the process of promptly harnessing a computational design methodology and applies it to floor plan design. The research methodology consists mostly of literature review however a demonstration computation is carried out to support it. The research is divided into six parts, elucidating the process of constructing a computational model for generating floor plans.

There exists many misconceptions about design computation in architecture and it is mostly because methodology is acquired from computer sciences through informal studies. Curvilinear geometry and generative methodologies are not intrinsic to computational architecture. The digital computer however provided significant processing capacity that elevated computational design into a field of its own.

Much of the innovation in computational design took place in 1970s. Only the recent developments in technology and software, especially the graphical algorithm editors, have provided new momentum and wider acceptance for computational design. There exists formal computational precedent models capable of generating floor plans. The scope of their quality varies from designs barely recognizable as a floor plan to designs that have succeeded in architectural competitions. There is a lineage of models that incorporate higher-level algorithmic constructs: Metaheuristics. The subject is introduced and evolutionary metaheuristic are explained in general since they are most widely used in architectural computations. A specific evolutionary algorithm, found in Galapagos, is analysed and applied as it used in the model demonstration.

Floor plan generation has many drawbacks, yet it is possible to generate schematic designs of architectural program with reasonably primitive setup. The computational methodology however has multiple connection points to design methodology in general and were it perceived as such it could significantly benefit the processes of architectural design.

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