Here’s an introduction and survey of Algorithmic Mathematical Art by Xah Lee. Here, he examined the various methods of algorithmic mathematical art, and indicate the states of the art and possibilities.
Vladimir Bulatov is an independent artist, the process of making his sculptures starts from mathematical idea. He built a computer model to represent the idea in 3D world. Applying custom algorithms gives the model nice body and organic look.
Mandelbrot set, a famous fractal that is a badge of honor for mathematicians. One way of defining the Mandelbrot set is by looking at how complex functions behave under repeated iteration.
In this video by Cutoutfoldup you can learn to make mathematical surfaces using bubble solution and wire. In mathematics, a surface is a two-dimensional manifold.
Essential Mathematics for Computational Design by Rajaa Issa introduces to design professionals the foundation mathematical concepts that are necessary for effective development of computational methods for 3D modeling and computer graphics. This is not meant to be a complete and comprehensive resource, but rather an overview of the basic and most commonly used concepts.