Robotic Contouring

Robotic Contouring

This paper by Andrei Gheorghe, Philipp Hornung, Sigurd Reiss and Robert Vierlinger provides insight into a new robotic plastic forming process through the prototypical construction of a full scale structure.

SmartNodes Pavilion

SmartNodes Pavilion

This paper investigates the potential for combining standard building materials with customised nodes that are individually optimised in response to local load conditions in non- standard, irregular, or doubly curved frame structures.

Optimization of Patterned Structures

Patterned Structures

This thesis by Diego Alfonso Rivera advances a recent work on the optimization of patterned surface structures used for architecture and structural engineering.

Changing space and sound: parametric design

Space and Sound

This thesis by Christopher W. Norton examines the potential for parametric design software to create performance based design using acoustic metrics as the design criteria.

Form finding and Size Optimization

Form Finding and Optimization

The purpose for the thesis has been to advance SMART Form by implementing beam elements and explore how bending action can be used in the form finding process, allowing for a compromise between initial geometry and fully form found geometry.

Aerodynamic Shape Optimization

Aerodynamic Shape Optimization

Using an integrated workflow with parametric design, Computational Fluid Dynamic and Fast Fluid Dynamic simulations, structural analysis and optimization, this paper, evaluates the relative suitability of CFD and FFD simulations for Aerodynamic Shape Optimization.

Nuit Blanche Pavilion a lightweight structure

Nuit Blanche Pavilion

The Nuit Blanche Pavilion is a recent project by Gernot Riether in collaboration with artist Damien Valero. The project takes advantage of an elastic behavior found in high-density elastomers to form a lightweight structure.

Biological Computation for Digital Design

Biological Computation

In this paper by Neri Oxman et al. the formation of non-woven fibre structures generated by the Bombyx mori silkworm is explored as a computational approach for shape and material optimization.

Performative Building Elements

Building Elements

This thesis by Michael Patrick Makris, describes the development, testing, and findings of a Rhino-Grasshopper toolset developed to encourage real-time parametric design form experimentation through immediate integrated structural analysis feedback.

Parametric Structural Analysis and Optimization

Structural Optimization

This research by Nixon Wonoto examines the implementation of structural optimization in the architectural schematic design phase; investigate the accessibility and usability of existing architectural structural optimization tools.

Optimization of the Environmental Performance of Facades

Optimization of Facades

In this thesis by Mahmoud Islam Abdelhay Gadelhak a simplified framework and design decision support tool was developed to aid designers and architects in the domain of multidimensional optimization of building facades

Interactive Evolutionary Exploration and Parametric Structural Design

Parametric Structure

This research by Renaud Aleis Pierre Emile Danhaive combines interactive evolutionary optimization and parametric modeling to develop a new computational strategy for creative and high-performance conceptual structural design. 

Smart Passive Building

Smart Passive Building

This research by Tessa Rouwenhorst is aiming to extend the period in which the passive systems are used within the building management system in order to minimize  the energy  consumption while improving the comfort conditions.

Intelligent building skins: Parametric-based algorithm for kinetic facades design and daylighting performance integration

Intelligent Building Skins

This thesis by Mohamed Mansour El Sheikh presents the initial experiment, in which the external skin actuates to optimize daylight-deflection, maintaining a desirable luminous indoor environment.

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Shell Structure

In this grasshopper definition by using the 3D graphic static plugin you can model an optimized structure.

An Architectural Implementation of Topology Optimization

Topology Optimization

This thesis by Soo Jung Woo explores the use of Topology Optimization in architectural design by implementing a Bidirectional Evolutionary Structural Optimization type TO script as a guide to create a composition of discrete members with complex geometries. 

The Digital Workflow of Parametric Structural Design Developing Grid Shells in a Nordic Climate

Parametric Structural Design

In this thesis by Åshild Huseby and Marie Eliassen , the objective is to come up with a parametric design procedure for a timber grid shell where the structure was robust enough to handle the asymmetric pressure from climate induced loads.

High energy efficient building envelope design with integrated workflow in multidisciplinary performance criteria

Efficient Building Envelope

This research by Dong Kyu Lee demonstrates a practical method for low environmental impact and high energy efficient building façade system under interconnected workflow between architecture design and environmental performance modeling.

Performance-based form-finding and material distribution of free form roof structures

Free Form Structures

The purpose of the current research project by Stavroula Schoina is to propose a design process, based on performance-based design, in order to optimise the shape and distribute the material of free form roof structures.

Daylight Optimization A Parametric Study of Urban Façades Design

Daylight Optimization

This paper by Mohammed Ayoub and Magdi Wissa aims to investigate techniques to mitigate the under-lit indoor environment for a group of buildings with variable heights and orientations, with regard to the urban façades parameters.

Visual analytics for generative design exploration

Visual Analytics

This thesis by J. van Kastel proposes a visual analytics system that visualizes design geometries and performances of a large data set of design alternatives in a highly interactive data environment.

tOpos Grasshopper3d Plugin for Optimization


tOpos by archiseb is a 3D Topology Optimisation plugin which is using GPU for computation acceleration. It is based on CUDA technology provided by NVIDIA.

Octopus Grasshopper3d Plugin for Optimization


Octopus by Robert Vierlinger was originally made for Multi-Objective Evolutionary Optimization. It allows the search for many goals at once, producing a range of optimized trade-off solutions between the extremes of each goal.

Optimizing Creatively in Multi-Objective Optimization

Optimizing Creatively

This research by Yassin Ashour and Branko Kolarevic outlines a creative optimization workflow using a Multi-Objective Optimization engine called Octopus that runs within Grasshopper3D and simulation software DIVA for daylight factor analysis.

Optimize Wall Covering Grasshopper Galapagos Tutorial

7- Wall Covering

In this ParaCourse lesson we are going to cover a wall with a series of modules. First we are going to use a polyline as the base of the wall and then optimize it by using Galapagos. Galapagos will find the best size for the modules and how many we need for each wall.

Remembrane: A Shape Changing Adaptive Structure


This paper by Ji Won Jun et al. presents a research on adaptive kinetic structures using shape memory alloys as actuators. The target of the research is designing and building an efficient kinetic structural system that could be applied at an architectural scale.

lightweight conical components for rotational parabolic domes

Parabolic Domes

Although initially intended for academic purposes, this paper by Roberto Narváez-Rodríguez and José Antonio Barrera-Vera was finally led towards the development of hollow lightweight conical components to materialise rotational parabolic domes.

Pre-Rationalized Parametric Designing of Roof Shells Formed by Repetitive Modules of Catalan Surfaces

Parametric Roof Shells

The aim of this study by Jolanta Dzwierzynska and Aleksandra Prokopska is to develop an original, methodical and practical approach to the early stages of parametric design of roof shells formed by repetitive modules of Catalan surfaces.

Building Skins parametric design tools and BIM platforms

Building Skins

This paper by Wissam Wahbeh will discuss the recent use of parametric design tools as Grasshopper and DynamoBIM within BIM process. Furthermore, how the geometrical solutions could be arranged to optimize the interactivity of the final models.

Kirigami Tessellations

Kirigami Tessellations

In this article authors pose and solve the inverse problem of determining the number, size and orientation of cuts that enables the deployment of a closed, compact regular kirigami tessellation to conform approximately to any prescribed target shape in two or three dimensions.