Algorithmic-Based BIM

A-BIM: Algorithmic-based Building Information Modelling

Sofia Teixeira de Vasconcelos Feist
Thesis to obtain the Master of Science Degree in Architecture

Algorithmic Design (AD) is a programming-based approach to design where, instead of creating a model of the intended design, the designer creates a program that generates the model of the intended design.

This approach provides many opportunities for innovation and improvement in the design process. However, despite having been extensively explored with geometry-based Computer Aided Design (CAD) tools over the past years, AD has only recently started to be explored with the Building Information Modelling (BIM) methodology brought by BIM tools.

BIM brings substantial gains to the design activity and, as a result, has started to become mandatory in architectural practices all over the world.

By combining algorithmic processes with the BIM methodology, a new approach to design emerges, one that we designate Algorithmic-based Building Information Modelling (A-BIM).

In this thesis, author defines, explores and evaluates A-BIM in the context of architectural design. Through a case study, she compares A-BIM to two other design approaches, namely an algorithmic approach to geometry-based CAD and a manual BIM approach, and she shows that A-BIM can offer great benefits to architectural practices.