This paper by Jane Scott describes the theoretical framework behind the development of a series of knitted prototypes inspired by the biomimetic model of the hygromorph. Three moisture responsive pieces are described which use the inherent properties of wood veneer as an actuator incorporated into complex knitted forms constructed from linen and wool. These textile/veneer assemblies are environmentally responsive, transformable and constructed from natural, sustainable materials.
This represents a new interpretation of shape changing textiles for architecture. The work illustrates the potential of designing hierarchically organised structures where functionalities are incorporated at different levels of material fabrication. The paper argues that the implementation of textile materials and processes offers the potential for the development of environmentally responsive architecture through the development of shape changing textile/veneer assemblies.