Second Digital Turn


Giuseppe Gallo

1. TAV Medio Padana, Calatrava, 2010.

Thirty years after the advent of digital, it is mandatory a reflection that looks at the mutations produced by digital technology in society and therefore within the architectural design process.

3. Bilbao Guggenheim, Gehry, 1997.

To face the complexity, I chose a holistic approach, capable of acquiring a philosophical perspective, and descending towards the technical, operational, methodological, instrumental and relational detail.

This research aims to identify what effects the implementation of digital technology has on society and our different perception of space.

2. Study model of Guarino Guarini’s San Filippo Neri Monferrato church.

It Define the contribution made by those precursors of themes, methods, and processes that laid the foundation so that approaches developed today may flourish through the aid of computers, by comparing their thinking to that of contemporary theorists and designers.

4. Minimal surface model, Otto.

This study Identify new demands affecting architecture in terms of requirements, metrics, and project materials, by investigating to what extent these changes are the result of progressive digitization in architecture, and what responsibilities they pose to us regarding our role.

Embriological House, Greg Lynn, 1996.

The research path chosen stems from the observation of contemporary society from which the project develops as a response to human needs.

A society that is confronted today with a condition of liquid modernity, which I reconstruct starting from the post-World War II period, highlighting the changes in scale, the new speed of connection, the disintegration of social structures, the different role of work, and the race towards individualism.

ICD/ITKE Pavilion, 2012

Factors recognized among others by Baumann, Castells and Augè, and which find fertile ground on the digital dimensions that have caught up with our lives, stealing value from space and time, and fostering social distances and the emergence of myxophobia.

MX3D bridge, Amsterdam, 2018.

What most distinguishes Frei Otto, one of the most recognized precursors of digital architectural thinking, is undoubtedly his approach to architectural design.

We will follow his diverse architectural design philosophy starting from his interest in lightweight structures, which would lead him to study the relationship between architectural forms and the processes of generation of natural forms.

Forms that he would design thanks to physical models: computers ante litteram, precursors of digital form-finding methods.

His thought on the relationship between technical methods and nature, incredibly similar to the Greek one, corresponds to a declared necessity for a new type of architectural truthfulness.

Foster and Partners in 2000 and Dok Architecten in 2011.

With the rediscovery of complexity and contradiction, evident both in the thinking and in the works of Venturi, a cultural change took place, which for years involved important architects all over the world.

The diverse approach to the relationship with communication created by the movement heightened with Deconstructivism.

Foster and Partners in 2000 and Dok Architecten in 2011.

Starting from Derridian deconstruction, it evolved along a path which was even considered controversial, approaching digital both from a methodological and instrumental point of view: a phenomenon that can be pieced together in the thinking and the works of Eisenmann, and the projects of Gehry and Hadid.

The Tulip, Foster and Partners

The first digital turn, recognized by Carpo, is described here not as a current or a movement, but rather as a moment of change due to the implementation of new tools, and in a different approach to architectural design characterized by the themes of continuity and variation.

This new orientation can be seen clearly in both in Lynn’s smoothness, as in Stan Allen’s field conditions, in the participatory experiments of Frazer and Cache, in the Yokohama port terminal project by Foreign Office Architects, and in the advent of Parametricism.

 Register for free! to be able to download this PDF

If you're a user you can Sign In!

PH Newsletter

Free Weekly Scripts

Join our exclusive email newsletter and be the first to receive our free, useful Grasshopper scripts every week!