Architecture in Space is entering a new era. It is over 40 years now since the late Neil Armstrong became the ﬁrst
human being to set foot on the Moon. For many people space exploration has not advanced much since that historic moment, but in reality there have been numerous developments. Space exploration has taken on a collaborative international dimension through the International Space Station (launched in 1998) and other ventures. Likewise, the practice of one-off ﬂights has given way to the introduction of reusable hardware such as NASA’s Space Shuttle (operational 1981–2011).