This paper by Efilena Baseta and Klaus Bollinger presents a construction system which offers an efficient materialization method for double-curved gridshells. This results in an active-bending system of controlled deflections.
Guinness World Records has awarded the title of “largest 3D printed structure” to VULCAN, a temporary pavilion designed by the Beijing-based Laboratory for Creative Design (LCD). Made up of 1023 printed segments, structure was 9.08 meters long.
This paper by Achim Menges et al. examines the framework of computational design methodologies incorporating material, structure, fabrication and morphogenetic principles for design and digital fabrication of lightweight fiber composite components.
New Fundamentals Research Group, in partnership with S.N.B.R., designed and fabricated a stone vaulted pavilion for Rocalia, a natural stone fair held in Lyon. The structure’s foundation is a network of catenary curves which inform the vaults.
This paper by Hanaa Dahy, Piotr Baszyński and Jan Petrš presents a process of realizing an experimental structure made from biocomposites which were synthesized from lignocellulosic flexible core reinforced by 3D-veneer layers.
Based on the findings of the elective course “The Programmed Column 1”,the students of Gramazio Kohler Research at ETH Zurich were challenged to design and fabricate 3 prototypical brick columns of 4m height each within a 4 week workshop.
Interior architect Michelle Wempe of Zumahoo discovered the technical capabilities of the company Concretworks and with it how to create a three-dimensional architectural panel, creating a semi-opaque divider.
This paper presents a novel generative model that can create functional and expressive geometries by evolving volumetric gradient patterns. Using three case studies, authors demonstrate the key advantages of their approach.
This paper by Achim Menges, Jan Knippers et. al. pursues the development and construction of a robotically fabricated, lightweight timber plate system through a biologically informed, integrative computational design method.
Curved-line folding is the act of folding a flat sheet of material along a curved crease pattern in order to create a three-dimensional shape. The pavilion presented in this paper by Stijn Brancart et al. integrates this principle in a kit-of-parts system.
This paper by Gernot Riether and Knox Jolly is about the fabrication process of the DesCours pavilion. The construction process will be used to show how parametric software, such as Grasshopper can inform fabrication and material systems.
The first part of this paper by Achim Menges focuses on the explanation of the theoretical framework of ICD’s approach to design computation, which finds its conceptual roots in the integrative processes of biological becoming.
Neri Oxman and MIT have developed programmable water-based biocomposites for digital design and fabrication. Named Aguahoja, the project has exhibited both a pavilion and a series of artifacts constructed from molecular components.
Cozi studio debuts with textural 3D printed focus lamps. Selective laser sintering is an additive 3D printing process that uses a high-power laser to sinter powdered material — typically plastic or metal — into a three-dimensional form.
This article by Ryan Luke Johns and Nicholas Foley, illustrates a materially efﬁcient technique for designing and fabricating freeform surfaces within the constraints of irregular wood ﬂitches. The process utilizes a robotically operated bandsaw.
Steampunk is a pavilion constructed from hardwood using hand tools augmented with the precision of intelligent holographic guides. Designed by Gwyllim Jahn, Cameron Newnham (Fologram), Soomeen Hahm Design and Igor Pantic with Format Engineers.
Created by designer Carolien Laro, the seating chattels are really made from wood and they will really flex when you sit on them.
Timelapse from a workshop building an asymptotic timber gridshell in the shape of an Enneper surface. It was organised in the course Digital Tools – Parametric Design for students at the program Architecture and Engineering at Chalmers University.
This paper by Roberto Naboni and Luca Breseghello presents a computationally based methodology arising from the application of weaving techniques for the design and construction of an experimental architectural system, Weaving Enclosure.
Designed by MEAN* for Dubai International Financial Center, Deciduous is a 3D printed pavilion that invites us to revisit our relationship with nature, through an experience reminiscent of walking through an abstracted botanical form.
This paper by Jan-Ruben Fischer describes which adjustments to the original design were required to take the step from “digital physicality” to “physical digitality” to realize a constructive and economically successful implementation.
NASA are stepping straight into the future of textiles with their 4D printed ‘space fabric’—a metallic material intended to be used like ‘chain mail’ to protect astronauts and spacecraft alike during their missions.
This paper by Christian Lange and Donn Holohan attempts to revitalize the material system of the brick special through the development of an intelligent 3d printing method that works in conjunction with a layman assembly procedure for self-supporting brick structures.
This paper by Sina Mostafavi, Henriette Bier, Serban Bodea and Maria Anton discusses the development of an informed Design-to-Robotic-Production (D2RP) system for additive manufacturing.
Mobius Nautilus by Joaquin Baldwin is a compound mobius strip created out of 36 interlocking mobius strips. They weave and interlock perfectly through the spaces left between them.
Articulated Timber Ground is a public pavilion designed and built by a group of Master in Architecture students at the University of Melbourne. Consisting of 1,752 components, the pavilion changes its form throughout the sections.
This research by Francisco Gonzalez-Quintial and Andres Martin-Pastor is mainly focused on the development of a system that would be able to offer the potentiality of constructing free-form surfaces by using developable surfaces.
The F2 Pavilion was designed and fabricated by University of Texas San Antonio (UTSA) College of Architecture’s graduate students under the direction of Andrew Kudless, Director of Matsys.
Designer Julia Ibbini is interested in human and machine collaboration in a traverse of analog and digital to create work with highly detailed machined precision, but which remains distinctly human in origin.
This paper by the group of Gramazio Kohler Research at ETH Zurich, presents a novel approach to non-standard timber assembly – Robotic Timber Construction (RTC) – where robotic fabrication is used to expand additive digital fabrication techniques towards industrial full scale dimensions.