Latest Resources

Dendro by ryein is a volumetric modeling plug-in for Grasshopper built on top of the OpenVDB library. It provides multiple ways to wrap points, curves, and meshes as a volumetric data type.

This paper by Sina Mostafavi, Henriette Bier, Serban Bodea and Maria Anton discusses the development of an informed Design-to-Robotic-Production (D2RP) system for additive manufacturing.

In this article by Asli Agirbas which presents a particular course, it was intended that all stages should be experienced, from the modeling in the virtual environment to the digital fabrication.

This paper by Dr Thomas Scelo describes the collaborative approach to develop a single algorithm for both acoustic and architectural form generation.

This research by Francisco Gonzalez-Quintial and Andres Martin-Pastor is mainly focused on the development of a system that would be able to offer the potentiality of constructing free-form surfaces by using developable surfaces.

In this paper by Johannes Braumann and Sigrid Brell-Cokcan, authors will discuss existing methods of programming industrial robots, published architectural results (Gramazio and Kohler) and the design of a new user interface.

This paper by Lenka Kormaníková, Eva Kormaníková and Dušan Katunský describes adaptive materials and structures used in architecture. An adaptive shape is designed and analyzed using algorithmic plug-in Grasshopper.

This article by Marcin Giedrowicz will talk about the Bridge Pavilion in Zaragoza, 30 St Mary Axe in London,  Al Bahar Towers in Abu Dhabi,  City of Culture of Galicia in Santago De Compostela, Free Railway International Competition in Posen.

This paper by the group of Gramazio Kohler Research at ETH Zurich, presents a novel approach to non-standard timber assembly – Robotic Timber Construction (RTC) – where robotic fabrication is used to expand additive digital fabrication techniques towards industrial full scale dimensions.

This research by Scott Macri creates a useful primer for designing rigid-thick origami structures by simplifying and organizing existing knowledge on rigid-thick origami into a more accessible format for designers and architects.

This research presents a solution for evaluation of kinetic facades system performance via experiences and lessons learnt from experiments. Authors bridge between architects and engineers to address limitations associated with incorporating performance criteria in the design of kinetic facades.

The paper by Roberto Naboni and Lorenzo Mirante investigates the potential of auxetics in architectural applications by means of computational design and additive manufacturing. This class of metamaterials expresses interesting behaviour related to the unusual characteristics of a negative Poisson’s ratio.

This paper by Mohammad Kouchaki, Mohammadjavad Mahdavinejad, Parastoo Zali and Shahab Ahmadi, investigates innovative implementation of bricks in kinetic architecture.

This thesis by Mahzad Tashakori describes the development of a computer controlled sun-tracking device model that aims at improving the environmental performance of a building facade system. During the process, advanced computational modeling and simulation tools, such as Grasshopper and Ecotect, were utilized.

In this article Heike Matcha and Ante Ljubas employ the possibilities of parametric modeling software and customized mass production machinery to develop a design for adaptable multifunctional temporary medium size buildings made from recyclable lightweight materials and build a prototype from cardboard.

This thesis by Xiangru Chen is to design a mix-use pavilion, which detects occupancy and lighting/temperature conditions, and then transforms its structure in shape and scale to satisfy the spatial demands for the use.

Researchers at Hasso Plattner Institute demonstrate metamaterial objects that perform a mechanical function. Such metamaterial mechanisms consist of a single block of material the cells of which play together in a well-defined way in order to achieve macroscopic movement.

This paper by Wissam Wahbeh will discuss the recent use of parametric design tools as Grasshopper and DynamoBIM within BIM process. Furthermore, how the geometrical solutions could be arranged to optimize the interactivity of the final models.

Digital design and fabrication tools now allow us to create highly flexible building façade systems that can be customized for different con- texts as well as optimized for particular performance objectives. This thesis by Peter C. Graham develops a prototype for a flexible façade system using parametric modeling tools.

In this article the authors: John E. Harding and Paul Shepherd, propose a new approach called Meta-Parametric Design, combining graph-based parametric modelling with genetic programming. The advantages of this approach are demonstrated using two real case-study projects

This thesis by Sara Torki Baghbadorani focuses on surface articulation of a shell structure constructed through a generative, parametric, modular design process. The shell form uses vault topology that adapts to varying site conditions such as topography and shape and that serves as contemplative space.

In the context of a research project by Katja Knecht at the Bauhaus-University Weimar concerned with the development of a creative evolutionary design method for layout problems in architecture and urban design.

In this article authors pose and solve the inverse problem of determining the number, size and orientation of cuts that enables the deployment of a closed, compact regular kirigami tessellation to conform approximately to any prescribed target shape in two or three dimensions.

This dissertation “An Evolution-Based Generative Design System: Using Adaptation to Shape Architectural Form” by Luisa Gama Caldas dwells in the interstitial spaces between the fields of architecture, environmental design and computation.

This book contains articles exploring subjects like: origami structures, origami tessellations, modular metamaterials, topological kinematics of origami metamaterials, topological mechanics of origami and kirigami and so on.

This study by Kazuya Saito, Akira Tsukahara and Yoji Okabe presents a new method for designing self-deploying origami using the geometrically misaligned creases. In this method, some facets are replaced by ‘holes’ such that the systems become a 1-d.f. mechanism.

This thesis by Dragos-Iulian Naicu, upon reviewing the design and construction processes of previous timber gridshells, puts forward a structural model that aims to represent the true nature and specifics of single and double- layered timber gridshells.

This research by Mehrnoush Latifi Khorasgani, Daniel Prohasky, Jane Burry, Akbar Akbarzadeh and Nicholas Williams focuses on the design of a Robotic solar analysis platform for critical studies which explore dynamic solar light and heat phenomena within the laboratory.

This research by Yingyi Zhang aims to create a parametric modelling system to aid urban regulation. The system offers a visualised coding interface to manipulate parameters and achieve interactive performance feedback at the early stage of urban regulation.

Among the wide landscape of digital design tools, the computational ones emerge as those that can promote non-standard design approaches to architectural conception, development and construction.

This paper by Sebastian Dietrich, Sven Schneider and Dimitry Demin presents a new open-source structural analysis plugin for Grasshopper – RhinoRstab. The plugin bridges data between the worldwide established software:  Rhinoceros3d and Dlubal RSTAB.

This article by Evangelos Pantazis and David Gerber proposes a new computational design methodology, intended for use in the area of conceptual design of building design. The proposed methodology is implemented into a multi-agent system design toolkit.

In this dissertation by Craig S. Kaplan, author present his research in the area of computer-generated geometric art and ornament. He focused on two projects in particular. First he developed a collection of tools and methods for producing traditional Islamic star patterns. Then he examined the tesselations of M. C. Escher.

In this paper by Masaaki Miki, Jun Mitani and Takeo Igarashi, authors developed a set of Grasshopper components which enables interactive physics simulation based on the finite element method (FEM). They named this add-on Ricecooker.

This paper presents a methodology and software tools for parametric design of complex architectural objects, called digital or algorithmic forms. In order to provide a flexible tool, the proposed design philosophy involves two open source utilities Donkey and MIDAS written in Grasshopper algorithm editor and C++.

This book by Amit Zoran contains subjects like parametric design space, introduction to optimization, introduction to gradient descent, grasshopper galapagos and examples for genetic algorithms in parametric design.

With respect to evolutionary search and optimization, this article by Robert Vierlinger and Klaus Bollinger investigates aspects of flexibility and performance on the levels of fast application and open representation.

With this document edited by Anne Louise Bang, Jacob Buur, Irene Alma Lønne and Nithikul Nimkulrat, authors wish to explore different ways in which experiential knowledge through materials can be given more appropriate consideration within the framework of research.

Within this thesis by Judah Hook is the investigation and development of an alternative fabrication concept that utilises an inexpensive, reusable “pin board” mould that is autonomously set to various CAD derived surface geometries by a 6-axis robotic arm manipulator.

This thesis by Stuart Mackenzie Jones gives an overview of parametric tools and parametric thinking, and describes how parametric tools are being applied to the design of the built environment and landscape systems.

This research by Steven Robert Janssen catalogues robotic construction technology currently being used by architects and discusses the motivations that drive architects to use this technology. This catalogue includes an interview with architect Dr Simon Weir and investigates his motivation for using robotic construction technologies.

This thesis by Yassin Salah El-Din Ashour presents a workflow called the ‘creative optimization workflow’ using a Multi-Objective Optimization (MOO) engine called Octopus that runs within Grasshopper3D, a parametric modeling tool, and multiple simulation software.

This thesis by Andrea Minuto will introduce you to a vision called Smart Material Interfaces (SMIs), which takes advantage of the new generation of engineered materials. They are capable of changing their physical properties, such as shape, size, and color, and can be controlled by using certain stimuli.

The present thesis by Daniel Akesson aims to integrate structural feedback with geometric modeling. The user interfaces of conceptual design tools should be interactive and agile enough to follow the designer’s iterative workflow.

This thesis by Sadik Deniz Akman discusses the emerging approaches in landscape urbanism from a methodological perspective and discusses the emerging techniques applied in the recent design and research projects in landscape urbanism. The study mainly focuses on design tools and techniques applied in the field.

Addressing both architects and engineers, this dissertation by Matthias Rippmann presents a new framework for the form finding and design of fabrication geometry of discrete, funicular structures in the early design phase. It introduces a new methodology for structurally-informed design of curved surface architecture.

This project by Paulina Tovo is a concrete application of BIM methodology focused on the implementation of Maintenance Plan and on a collaborative work. The thesis development was based on Variante di Demonte project, which is a real case that it has not yet been built. 

This document edited by Ramin Attar, Angelos Chronis, Sean Hanna and Michela Turrin includes subjects presented in SimAUD 2016 like building simulation, daylighting, urban networks & analysis, agent base modeling, data driven design, urban data, design decision support, design computation & methods, fabrication and form finding

This thesis by Reka Sarkozi examined parametric architecture and its applications on numerous ways. Author researched and classified the parametric design tools and she also assigned its connections to traditional architectural design. She created a plug-in for Grasshopper, the parametric software she primarily use.

The first part of the thesis by Lynne Maclachlan examines shape grammar theory as a method of modelling designer-maker creative episodes, to inform designer practice. Evidence was gathered from interviews with designer-makers, observations from a design process carried out by the author and other literature on designer-makers.

This master thesis by Sebastian de Wit is the result of a graduation project where research is conducted on parametric design of segmental timber shell structures. Throughout this report, the design process as well as the development of a parametric model to design, analyze and fabricate segmental timber shell structures is described.

Polina Timchenko in her thesis “Audio to Architecture: House Music as a Form Generator” is going to explore the idea that every house music component can be translated into geometry with the use of parametric design techniques.

This thesis by Alexandra Adelle Hinkel Cheng presents an example of a project executed in a co-rationalized manner through architectural and structural collaboration, using both digitally-integrated and analog models, for the design and construction of solid timber shells structures.

This thesis by Renata Alves Castelo Branco aims to explore the advantages an algorithmic approach can bring to the design process, and investigate, at the same time, how to bridge the gap between the different tools with which architecture currently operates

The aim of the thesis by Daniel Wallin and Martin Wasberg was to investigate if the use of parametric design tools from both architects and structural engineers could be a way of making the design process more effective. This thesis also include testing the structural plug-ins of the parametric design tools.

This thesis by Ron Aasholm studies the process of promptly harnessing a computational design methodology and applies it to floor plan design. A specific evolutionary algorithm, found in Galapagos, is analysed and applied as it used in the model demonstration.

This thesis by Saeran Vasanthakumar introduces a design tool that attempts to optimize urban energy needs through the mass-customization of urban typology. Developing low-energy, high-density urban typology is a critical goal for cities given current energy consumption and urban growth trajectories.

Performance through thickfolds by Torsten Sack-Nielsen approaches climate-responsive behaviours through shape, materialisation and kinematics. In this PhD project, folding is investigated phenomenologically, exploratively as well as experimentally, to exploit and document on how climate-responsive performance potentials can be utilised in architecture.

The goal of this research by Lukáš Kurilla is to raise interest of architects in structural behavior of design in its conceptual phase. Therefore, this research deals with the development of a middleware – a bridging tool between the finite element (FE) solver (OOFEM) and the architectural modeller (Rhino3D).

This Master’s thesis by Anastasios Kokkos is focused on the ambiguous topic concept of Designing for Deconstruction and its application within the construction industry with a computational approach.