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This paper explores how the Dougong components could be reinvented through the use of parametric tools and robotic fabrication methods and thus applied to contemporary architectural structures.

This study aims at suggesting "fractal" as a suited way of interpreting contemporary architecture and of exploring its potential as a new 21st century paradigm.

This paper describes a designer-friendly computational method to design and fabricate a class of curve-folded geometries - our proposed method generates developable surfaces that are curved-foldable, skeletal representations of a given user defined, convex mesh.

This paper uses the thrust network method of analysis and presents an iterative nonlinear optimization algorithm for efficiently approximating freeform shapes by self-supporting ones.

The approach presented in this paper allows feedback between the parametric input of starting geometry and material characteristics, and the output geometry and internal stress.

This paper discusses the development of a kit of parts of reciprocal bending-active components based on a selection of polyhedral dome types.

This paper presents and discusses the digital modelling methods used for the design of the pavilion, as well as the lessons learned by real scale fabrication and assembly.

In this article, we briefly present the literature focusing on curved folding in computational geometry, as well as the scope and description of a subclass of curved folding operation.

This study discusses about biomimicry which is sustainable innovation inspired by Earth’s diverse lifeforms which embody high-performance and resource-efficient design solutions.

The main objective of this paper is to highlight the natural strategies of solving the problems of sustainable architectural design as an integrated approach for the knowledge of the secrets of sustainability.

This research aims to examine biomimicry in architecture as a potential solution to sustainable building design. It analyses the basic principles and advances in biomimicry in architectural design and discusses five case studies to study how biomimicry has so far been applied in the built environment.

This thesis aims to study the theoretical fundamentals of this concept, explain its methodologies, and demonstrate its applicability in architecture.

This paper explains the construction scheme of a modular post formed gridshell. The scheme and the module are designed to efficiently handle both Form Finding, Fabrication and Raising, and they are tested through the construction of a full scale pavilion in Trondheim, Norway.

A novel method for automatic triangular grid generation on a free-form surface based on Coulomb’s law is proposed in this paper, which we refer to as the particle self-organizing system (PSOS).

This PhD thesis aims to provide an indepth analysis on the applicability of the active bending principle to the design of lightweight structures, in particular pedestrian bridges.

In this paper structures that actively use bending as a self-forming process are reviewed. By bringing together important material developments and various historical as well as recently built samples of such structures, the aim is to show coherences in their design approach, structural systems and behavior.

This thesis presents a design-oriented methodology for the design, optimization and construction of sequentially erected elastic timber gridshells.

This paper describes timber gridshell design methods and building techniques. The authors’ experience with such projects is used to highlight the advantages of timber gridshells. Relevant built examples are presented and their formfinding and analysis methods are discussed.

In this thesis, a novel approach for the manufacturing of curved timber building components is proposed and analyzed.

In this paper, a ‘facilitating’ numerical framework is introduced in which, for a given continuous reference shape, a geometrically similar discrete model is found by implementation of a six degree of freedom formulation of the Dynamic Relaxation method, to handle members bending and torsional stiffness.

This thesis demonstrates the conception of the worldwide first double-story robotically assembled timber structure, explain its fabrication processes including an integrated envelope, and conclude by analyzing the robotic fabrication technologies in terms of their efficiency and structural and functional capabilities and limits.

This paper presents methods and techniques to robotically prefabricate timber frame modules. The key challenge of this research lies in enabling the digitally informed and fabricated spatial assembly of timber beams into prefabricated timber frame modules.

This paper introduces a variant of the timber grid shell, the timber Voronoi shell, whose surface is reticulated by Voronoi tessellation and whose edges are made of discrete dimensional timber. This work explores form-finding methods of the Voronoi shell as a compressive funicular shell.

In this study, They show a way to overcome the mentioned limitations by self-shaping gridshell systems, focusing on orthogonal and interconnected narrow wood bilayer strips.

In the article two interacting aspects of collaborative design are described: shaping of the form and the rational use of materials. Form shaping will be analyzed on the basis of pavilions. The material aspect of this paper is concerned with the use of wood in contemporary construction.

This paper summarizes the design and engineering work that went into the construction of a remarkable building that is a 9000m2 curved roof structure from 5 cm square timber laths which built in 1990.

This paper presents the design and construction of a 36m2 gridshell, the rigidity of which is achieved through the bending of an initially flat grid of 210 reclaimed skis.

This paper proposes indicators to evaluate a priori the quality of design space of gridshells covered with different patterns for these fabrication constraints.

Voss nets constitute a proficient family of surfaces for the conception of doubly-curved structures. In this paper, they have been addressed for their capacity to model surfaces which can be built from elastically bent rectangular laths and covered with flat panels.

This paper proposes a new method based on smart materials and 4D printing technology to design and fabricate more compact structures that can realize self-reconfiguration via environmental stimulus without the need to alter sub-structures or components.

This research provides an overview of using folding techniques in architecture design, with an emphasis on their new applications.

This study focuses on folding techniques used in architecture for designing temporary spaces using foldable and deployable structures.

This paper presents a computational design method to obtain collapsible variations of rigid-foldable surfaces, i.e., continuously and finitely transformable polyhedral surfaces, homeomorphic to disks and cylinders.

This paper proposes a modeling method based on rationalizing curved folding in order to find the form variations of 1DOF origami mechanism.

Curved-line folding is the act of folding a flat sheet of material along a curved crease pattern in order to create a 3D shape, using the combination of folding (plastic deformation) and bending (elastic deformation).

Curved-line folding is the act of folding a flat sheet of material along a curved crease pattern in order to create a three-dimensional shape. It is a creative and innovative way to produce lightweight and geometrically stiff components using only sheet materials.

The research incorporated in the paper stems from the design and fabrication of a self-supporting, multi-panel installation for the Venice Biennale 2012 and operates against the backdrop of the exciting potentials that the field of curved-crease folding offers in the development of curved surfaces that can be manufactured from sheet material.

This article briefly presents the literature focusing on curved folding in computational geometry, as well as the scope and description of a subclass of curved folding operation.

The main contents of this paper are the parametric design and its applications in industrial design, taking the ergonomic chair as the main design research carrier, conducting the experimental study, and explored the parametric industrial product design procedures and methods based on personalized design notion of “Form follows behaviors”.

This endeavor demands a closer look at the formal interplay between code and context. Biology provides useful systems-based models for architects to study to understand how context specifies form, function, and structure. While the end goals may differ in science and architecture, there is a driving necessity in both disciplines to spatialize, model, and fabricate complex, emergent, and self-organized systems.

This paper by Jenny E.Sabin, Dillon Prager, Clayton Binkley, Kristan Strobel, Jingyang (Leo) Liu, documents the computational design methods, digital fabrication strategies, and generative design process for Lumen, winner of MoMA & MoMA PS1’s 2017 Young Architects Program.

Responding to increasing urgencies of material efficiency and environmental sensibility, this project strives to provide for designers a toolset for environmentally responsive, case-specific design, characterized by the embedded control qualities derived from the bone and its adaptability to specific loading conditions.

This study investigated the effects of additive digital fabrication (dfab) on productivity by analyzing the cost and time required for the construction of a robotically-fabricated complex concrete wall.

This paper by Seyed Morteza Hosseini, Masi Mohammadi, Torsten Schroder, Olivia Guerra-Santin , explores for the first time, the possibility of coupling a kinetic façade with colored glasses to improve the daylight performance. This research builds on a combination of relevant literature and parametric simulation to investigate the development of integration of colored glass from Orosi with interactive kinetic façades, triggered by sun timing and occupants’ positions.

This book is edited by Neils Martin, Larsen Og, Anne Mette Boye. It brings together contributions from the seminar on digital fabrication in tomorrows architecture and discusses about digital fabrication and digital form generation that can change the way different professions interact in relation to the development and construction of architecture.

this paper by Anas Hameed Majeed, Huda Al-Alwan, Nazar Oukaili, aims to establish a theoretical framework to determine dimensional rules as formation techniques and utilize them as tools in designing processes, to finally benefit to attain several free-form geometries in architecture now and in the future.

This paper by Monica Sroka-Bizon, presents Architectural Geometry that is an area of research, which combines applied geometry and architecture.

This paper by A. Heidari, S. Sahebzadeh, M. Sadeghfar, B. Erfanian Taghvaei, seeks to illustrate the evolution history of Parametric Architecture and describe the reasons why parametric architecture, in its second phase of evolution, called “Parametricism 2.0”, is showing promising abilities in solving more and more intricate socio-environmental problems.

This article by Gary P. T. Choi, Levi H. Dudte, and L. Mahadevan, proposes a condition for producing kirigami patterns and mechanisms which are reconfigurable and rigid deployable allowing us to connect the compact states via a zero-energy family of deployed states.

The article by Aurel von Richthofen, Katja Knecht, Yufan Miao, and Reinhard König, proposes a method for teaching advanced urban design to working professionals in Singapore. The article aims to expand the discourse on parametric urban design education by introducing ‘Urban Elements’ as conceptual urban design instruments with an inherent rule based logic, which can help to bridge gaps in teaching parametric urban design thinking.

This paper by Lotte Aldinger, Georgia Margariti, Axel Körner, Seiichi Suzuki, Jan Knippers, presents a design to fabrication framework for the mold-less construction of double curved composite lattice surfaces based on inherent material behavior.

In this paper byAbel Groenewolt, Tobias Schwinn, Long Nguyen, and Achim Menges, they focus on subsequent developments in our research on agent-based modeling and present a framework for agent-based architectural design and planning that integrates a large range of planning aspects (such as structural analysis and life cycle analysis, as well as prefabrication planning).

This thesis by Judyta M. Cichocka presents a design-oriented methodology for the design, optimization and construction of sequentially erected elastic timber gridshells.

This paper is by Stefan Pillwein, Kurt Leiler, Michael Birsak, and Przemyslaw Musialski. Their approach aims at the approximation of freeform surfaces with spatial grids of bent lamellas which can be deployed from a planar configuration using a simple kinematic mechanism.

This paper by Maren Zywietz, Karsten Schlesier, and Annette Bögle, documents the approach to rethinking lightweight structures to face the growing scarcity of resources.

In this paper by Julian Lienhard, Christoph Gengnagel, many important historical examples of active-bending were gathered, dating back as far as early Mesopotamian dwellings up to the comparatively few contemporary examples of bending-active structures existing at that moment.

In this paper by William Boley, Wim M. van Rees, Charles Lissandrello, Mark N. Horenstein, Ryan L. Truby, Arda Kotikian, Jennifer A. Lewis, and L. Mahadevan, they exploit a combination of multiple materials, geometry, and 4-dimensional (4D) printing to create structured heterogeneous lattices that overcome this problem.

This paper by Tiffany Cheng, Dylan Wood, and Xiang Wang, presents an integrative approach to adaptive structures, which harnesses the scale and strength of natural material actuators such as wood as well as the functional physical programming of material properties enabled by 3D-printing.

This research by Dylan Wood, Philippe Grȍnquist, Simon Bechert, Lotte Aldinger, David Riggenbach, Katharina Lehmann, Markus Rȕggeberg, Ingo Burgert, Jan Knippers, and Achim Menges, presents a paradigm shift towards a material-driven self-shaping fabrication method for full scale timber building components.

This research by E. Özdemir, L. Kiesewetter, K. Antorveza, T. Cheng, S. Leder, D. Wood, and A. Menges, presents a fabrication approach for self-shaping double-curved shell structures combining the hygroscopic shape-changing and scalability of wood actuators with the tunability of 3D-printed metamaterial patterning.