Latest Resources

This publication is an elaboration of exercises provided in Andrew Payne and Rajaa Issa’s Grasshopper Primer. In addition, lessons outlined in Algorithmic Modeling with Grasshopper by Zubin Khabazi, are referenced as well as scripts written during Professor Kyle Talbott’s Microcosm Studio.

The interest of this research by Francesco di Niccolo focuses on the dynamics and the potential of computational design, in particular through the parametric design and writing algorithms. The research has attempted to outline the main design methodologies in the vast panorama of computational design.

In this thesis by Daniel Davis, he considers the relationship between the design of software and the design of flexible parametric models. and also considers, using a reflective practice methodology, how software engineering may inform parametric modelling.

This paper by Zhao Jingtao proposes the theoretical framework of Eco-shaping Architectural Design Approach, explains its work flow and verifies the effectiveness in one architectural design practice.

‘Generative Algorithms’ by Zubin Khabazi which published on-line, was aimed to bring forward subjects and concepts on geometrical issues related to architectural design and some basic experiments using parametric modeling and algorithmic approach with Grasshopper.

Performance-driven architectural design by Xing Shi and Wenjie Yang, emphasizes on comprehensive optimization of various quantifiable performances of buildings. As the leading profession of a project team, architects play a vital role in conducting the performance-driven design.

The idea behind the ‘Generative Algorithms, Concepts and Experiments’ by Zubin Khabazi is to explore design and algorithmic solutions through experiments rather than pure geometrical/algorithmic subjects.

Master in parametric design introduces you to parametric design and digital manufacturing in the fields of Product Design, Architecture, Landscape, Digital Fabrication.

Grasshopper Learning Material by Woojae Sung explains the basic concepts of Grasshopper as a graphical algorithm editor. It works on real 2D/3D geometries with Rhino. And with Grasshopper, on the algorithm behind those real geometries.

PanelingTools helps designers create paneling solutions from concept to fabrication. PanelingTools facilitates conceptual and detailed design of paneling patterns using NURBS and mesh geometry. PanelingTools is closely integrated with the Rhinoceros environment using standard Rhino geometry.

The purpose of this tutorial by Ivo A. Semerdjiev is to create a folding origami skin based on parametric principles. The first step is to make a square grided surface based on one convex and concave curves. Their z-axis planars are aligned and then arrayed.

Algorithmic Architecture by Dr. Tony Kotnik discusses subjects like computational design and digital architecture. Recent theories of form in architecture have focused on computational methods of formal exploration and expression.

Introduction to Grasshopper for Rhinoceros by Maria Mingallon contains examples that explain Data Storage: Objects, Scalars, Data Trees, Vectors. Curves (NURBS): Definition & type of curves Curve Analysis (Curve Domain), Surfaces (NURBS): Definition & Surface Analysis Surface Domain & Evaluate Surface and Manipulation of Curves & Surfaces.

This is  the third edition of the ‘Generative Algorithms’ by Zubin Khabazi which has been tried to be updated with most of the features in Grasshopper 0.8.0066. The book now has more to offer for those who like to learn designing with algorithms.

Main goal of this project by woo jae sung is to make successive bridge-like structures based on parametric idea. The first step is to make a single component that reacts to the user inputs. The second step is to replicate the single component to get multiple components which behave under the same logic.

This is the second edition of grasshopper primer by Andrew Payne and Rajaa Issa. Rajaa is a developer at Robert McNeel and Associates and is the author of several other Rhino plugins including ArchCut and the ever popular PanelingTools.

Essential Mathematics for Computational Design by Rajaa Issa introduces to design professionals the foundation mathematical concepts that are necessary for effective development of computational methods for 3D modeling and computer graphics. This is not meant to be a complete and comprehensive resource, but rather an overview of the basic and most commonly used concepts.

The subject of this article by Katia Bertoldi, Vincenzo Vitelli, Johan Christensen and Martin van Hecke is Flexible Mechanical Metamaterials. Mechanical metamaterials exhibit properties and functionalities that cannot be realized in conventional materials.

Conduit is an open source plug-in authored by Proving Ground. Conduit enables designers to create custom data visualizations and heads up displays that update with your parametric models.

In this article the authors, Sebastien J.P.Callens and Amir A.Zadpoor review recent origami and kirigami techniques that can be used for this purpose, discuss their underlying mechanisms, and create physical models to demonstrate and compare their feasibility.

The Institute for Computational Design and Construction (ICD) is dedicated to the teaching and research of computational design and computer-aided manufacturing processes in architecture.

The Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalonia (IAAC) is a centre for research, education, production and outreach, with the mission of envisioning the future habitat of our society and building it in the present. IAAC follows the digital revolution at all scales (from bits to geography, from micro-controllers to cities, from materials to the territory) to expand the boundaries of architecture and design and meet the challenges

The Computational Design program takes a computer science view of design, applying both the science and art of computing to design problems, in relation to creation, presentation, analysis, evaluation, interaction or aesthetic expression; in real and imagined applications, both perceived and conceived.

The Design and Computation Group inquires into the varied nature and practice of computation in architectural design, and the ways in which design meaning, intentions, and knowledge are constructed through computational thinking, representing, sensing, and making.

In the world today, actual concerns for human experience and climate change obligate professional disciplines related to the building industry to explore more innovative design solutions.

This thesis deals with the development of a tool intended for automatic optimization of point support distribution for plate and shell structures. In an architectural context point supported plate or shell constellations are typically represented by doubly-spanning, in situ concrete systems carried by columns.

The objective of this PhD research is to investigate how best to use computational search processes in the early phase of design. Search algorithms are implemented in combination with parametric models of different kinds of geometry, with the purpose of studying various building performances.

The purpose of this research is to assess daylight performance of buildings with climatic responsive envelopes with complex geometry that integrates shading devices in the façade. To this end two case studies are chosen due to their complex geometries and integrated daylight devices. The effect of different parameters of the daylight devices is analysed through Climate base daylight metrics (CBDM).

In this research thesis you can learn about parametric design and robotic construction through a few projects like: Pre-fabricated house, Façade prototype, 3d extruded structures, Trauma center and Innsbruck pavilions.

A new specialist design role is emerging in the construction industry.

There is a demand for mass-customized.architectural elements. Roboforming is an ...

This thesis asks if and how we can design spaces of everyday life that not only satisfy a basic thermal need but also encourage occupant participation in the shaping of microclimates, promote thermally-based social cohesion, and do so using only on passive means.

Seismic Design for Architects shows how structural requirements for seismic resistance can become an integral part of the design process. A non-mathematical approach focuses upon the principles and practice of seismic resistant design to enable readers to grasp the concepts and then readily apply them to their building designs.

Complete with international case studies, this book by Bradley Cantrell and Justine Holzman explores the various approaches taken to utilise responsive technologies in current professional practice. This will serve as a reference for professionals, and academics looking to push the boundaries of landscape projects and seek inspiration for their design proposals.

This book covers new materials and design methods, advances in computational design practices, innovations in building technologies and construction techniques, and the integration of research with design.

This book connects the different topics and professions involved in information technology approaches to architectural design, ranging from computer-aided design, building information modeling and programming to simulation, digital representation, augmented and virtual reality, digital fabrication and physical computation.

Designers are becoming more directly involved in the fabrication process from the earliest stages of design. This book showcases the design and research work by some of the leading designers, makers and thinkers today.

This book discusses analytical tools for designing energy efficient and lightweight structures that embody the concept of tensegrity. The book provides both static and dynamic analysis of special tensegrity structural concepts,

A mixture of algorithms, robots, software, and avatars, is transforming all types of jobs and industries. This book responds to one critical question for the design and construction industry: "how are architects, engineers, and contractors using information technology to further automate their practices?"

Architecture in Space is entering a new era. It is over 40 years now since the late Neil Armstrong became ...

Advancing Wood Architecture offers a comprehensive overview of the new architectural possibilities that are enabled by cutting-edge computational technologies in wood construction.

Today, with the advent of digital media technologies and the ability to conceptualize, express and produce complex forms using digital means, the question of the

In the next decade or so, the widespread adoption of robotics is set to transform the construction industry

Bringing together experts from research and practice, Shell Structures for Architecture: Form Finding and Optimization presents contemporary design methods for shell and gridshell structures, covering form-finding and structural optimization techniques.

This paper by Milena Stavric and Ognen Marina describes parametric approach in architectural design through elaboration of shift in paradigms in architecture that has brought to the idea of use of parametric modeling with emphasis on two different groups of parametric software and presents the possibilities of generative algorithms.

This paper presents the application of multi-objective genetic algorithms for holistic building design that considers multiple criteria; building energy use, capital cost, daylight distribution and thermal indoor environment. The optimization focus is related to building envelope parameters.

This paper by Chen Zhang,Martin Heine Kristensen, Jakob Soland Jensen, Per Kvols Heiselberg, Rasmus Lund Jensen abdMichal Pomianowski aims to investigate the performance of diffuse ceiling ventilation in a classroom.

This paper by Anh-Tuan Nguyen, Sigrid Reiter and Philippe Rigo provides an overview on the research and applications of simulation-based optimization methods in the building sector, aiming at clarifying recent advances and outlining potential challenges and obstacles in building design optimization.

This paper presents a prototype tool for the space planning phase, which automatically generates alternative floor plans, according to the architect’s preferences and desires, and assesses their thermal performance by coupling it with dynamic simulation.

The research team has utilized origami as inspiration for a thermally insulated rigid wall deployable shelter that can be erected manually through counterweighting. This paper presents a multiobjective shape optimization methodology which balances the priorities of structural performance (i.e., minimum deflections) and energy efficiency (i.e., minimum thermal energy load).

This article by Mostapha Sadeghipour Roudsari, Michelle Pak, Adrian Smith and Gordon Gill Architecture is about Ladybug: A Parametric environmental plugin for grasshopper. As high performance design is becoming more desirable in the field of architecture, the need for supporting architects with environmental analysis tools is also growing.

This paper by Renaud Alexis Danhaive and Caitlin T. Mueller is about Combining parametric modeling and interactive optimization. In architectural and structural design, current modeling and analysis tools are extremely powerful and allow one to generate and analyze virtually any structural shape.

This paper introduces an intuitive method for the modelling of free-form architecture with planar facets. The method, called Marionette by the authors, takes its inspiration from descriptive geometry and allows one to design complex shapes with one projection and the control of elevation curves.

Curved beams along freeform skins pose many challenges, not least on the level of basic geometry. A prototypical instance of this is presented by the glass facades of the Eiffel tower pavilions, and the interrelation between the differential geometric properties of the glass surface on the one hand, and the layout of beams on the other hand.

Architectural designs are frequently represented digitally as plane-faced meshes, yet these can be challenging to translate into built structures. Offsetting operations may be used to give thickness to meshes, and are produced by offsetting the faces, edges, or vertices of the mesh in an appropriately defined normal direction.

This paper presents a methodology to assist design decisions regarding the building envelope shape considering its implications on energy performance.

This paper investigates the identification of the PV blinds’ optimal design parametersbased on a cost-benefit approach. A methodology, that encompasses thermal comfort, visual comfort,and energy savings requirements while resolving the conflicting issues resulting from the fulfillment ofthese requirements, is highlighted.