Latest Resources

This paper by Gernot Riether and Daniel Baerlecken, will provide a different thinking of the relationship of massing and texture in Islamic Architecture from a digital point of view. An analysis of Islamic patterns challenged this relationship in Islamic architecture.

This research by Léa Boulic, introduces a novel approach to the design of bending-active tensile structures in architecture. The proposed approach allows to define the bending-active beams directly in their equilibrium geometry.

This paper presents a number of novel computational and robotic fabrication techniques in designing, cutting and positioning. These techniques were explored through the robotic fabrication and assembly of a double-curved reciprocal frame wall.

In this research by Bojan Tepavčević, Vesna Stojaković and Dejan Mitov, authors present a design for a mass customization online 3D model for deployable emergency shelter that automatically provides drawings for CNC machines.

In this thesis by Jiani Zeng, author proposed to get away from surface obsession in object and industrial design, by adding another dimension to the material interface. By embedding information into three-dimensional matter, she introduced volumetric material.

This paper proposes an extension to an existing algorithmic design framework for the design exploration, analysis, and optimization of facades to support a Textual Programming Language-based approach that handles Visual Input Mechanisms.

In this research by Kamil Sharaidin, kinetic facades are defined as the ability to response and adapt to the changes of the environmental conditions. The strategies mainly focus on the functions and performances of kinetic facades in the context of indoor daylight...

The aim of this paper is to address a design exploration that combines the use of algorithmic modeling in order to create a design that seeks to express meaning through emotional bonds with people.

This paper presents a framework for integrating responsive and kinetic systems in the architectural design studio. The framework builds on findings of two design studios conducted at The American University in Cairo, Egypt.

This paper aims to address innovative approaches in the pedagogical aspects of architecture by describing the work of AA Summer DLAB and Athens | Istanbul Visiting Schools of the Architectural Association School of Architecture.

The current research is focused on the implementation of hierarchical porosity in the field of architecture and the use of stereotomic models in order to generate, articulate and evaluate intentional voids in architectural and structural design.

This paper by Brandon Clifford and Wes McGee proposes to use a particle-spring system in response to a desired form in order to generate a variable-volume, compression-only structure fabricated  of volumetric material.

Geodesic Heat Method Is a small plugin by Mathwhittaker which Implements the Heat Method created by Keenan Crane. It contains three components...

This article is describing a process for conformal 3D printing onto inflated substrates. The article describes the design and build of a custom-built four-axis 3D printer with the ability to measure the shape of any uneven substrate.

Naturally occurring branching tree forks seem to exhibit outstanding strength and material efficiency. This thesis by Ishani Desai advances the use of tree forks as a natural connection in structures through two specific contributions.

Physarealm by maajor is a grasshopper plugin for agent-based modelling based on Physarum Polycephalum. It is a stigmergy algorithms similar to ant colony algorithm. 

This research by Chin Koi Khoo, explores the potential for designing responsive architectural morphing skins with kinetic materials that have integrated sensing and luminous abilities.

This research by Filipa Peres Frangolho Crespo Osório, proposes the exploration of rigidly folding origami surfaces as the means to materialize reconfigurable spaces through motion. 

HankinArrow by Rudwankd is an islamic ornament drawing assistant. This is an experimental plugin to help those who research and/or draw islamic ornaments mostly to automate repeatable constructs.

This paper by Pablo Baquero, Victor Calixto, Affonso Orciuoli and Charles C Vincent explains how parametric methods are informed by simulation and prototyping, methods that were deployed during some series of digital fabrication workshops.

Super Delaunay plugin by Daniel González Abaldeallows you to compute the power diagram on a set of weighted points and returns: weighted voronoi, minimum spanning tree, relative neighbourhood graph, nearest neighbor graph...

This doctoral thesis by Jonas Runberger is situated within the digital design field of architecture, and is a continuation of the licentiate thesis Architectural Prototypes: Modes of Design Development and Architectural Practice.

This dissertation shows how the design of constrained structural systems is better solved by an inverse form-finding process, where the parameters and initial conditions of the direct form-finding process are automatically adjusted to match the design intent.

String Art Generator by Yiran is a grasshopper plugin which generates a string art sequence based on an input image. You can use this plug-in to make your own string art. 

A renewed interest in stereotomy, narrowly entwined with digital technologies, has allowed for the recovery and proposal of new techniques and expressions in this building approach.

This paper will explore how the Dougong components could be reinvented through the use of parametric tools and robotic fabrication methods and thus applied to contemporary architectural structures.

In this paper an `Interactionist' model of cognizant architecture is proposed as a method of investigating the development process by inverting the conventional concept of maze design.

This paper presents a customised computational design tool developed for exploring the novel design space of Concrete Extrusion 3D Printing (CE3DP), enabling a reinterpretation of the concrete column building typology.

This thesis by Magnus Larsson is an investigation into how meta-heuristic multi-objective optimisation processes (genetic algorithms driven by evolutionary solvers) can bring about materials-related advantages in architectural performance.

This research study by Waleed Hussein Ali Hussein focuses on parametric design as a leading global trend in many fields, including simulation, locomotion, industrial design and, most importantly, architecture and urbanism.

This thesis by Orn Erlendsson investigates the design of atria for daylighting in large scale buildings. A three dimensional test building with a central atrium was constructed and various parameters of the atrium altered.

Cellular Complexity “EVOLVE” is an installation, which exhibits the potential of cellular geometries at a spatial architectural scale. The complex, twisted geometry was generatively designed and digitally fabricated.

This research by Ramon Elias Weber aims to create architectural geometries that are driven by performance -- in light, energy, and structure.

Oribotics is a field of research concerned with the aesthetic, biomechanic, and morphological connections among nature, origami, and robotics. In this research by Matthew Gardiner, the focus is on the actuation of fold- programmed materials such as paper and synthetic fabrics.

The objective of this study by Christine Pedersen is to investigate the efficiencies of using ‘parametric design’ for landscape designs and in the practice of landscape architecture.

This paper focuses on the impact and possibilities of folding principles from origami for the digital design process in using parametric software to generate integral and adaptive systems within an experimental and intuitive design approach.

This thesis by Grace Melcher considers the design of a topology optimized hemisphere, a hemispherical continuous shell, and a hemispherical grid shell, and compares the structural performance of these three shells under asymmetric loads.

To make a way toward the design of transformable structure for temporary applications, the authors have developed a new type of adaptable structures according to natural forms.

In this thesis by Molly Mason, author proposes the integration of robotic fabrication and assembly constraints into the design process to use as drivers for form-finding. The framework for this is created through codifying material processes and assembly logics.

In this paper, authors present a study of the generation of branching structures and their application to the development of façade support systems. They investigate two types of branching structures, a recursive bifurcation model and an axial tree.

The workflow presented in this thesis by Madeleine Johanson introduces data interoperability and interdisciplinary practices to produce informed preliminary design, and therefore better urban outcomes.

This paper by Daniel Baerlecken, Matthew Swarts, Russell Gentry and Nixon Wonoto, presents a concept of origami as a form-generator for a structural system that allows deployability for structures with large spans.

This study by Allison Jean Isaacs forms a set of principles, methodologies and tools for structuring a full-scale form-finding inquiry through the self-organization of pattern in nature.  

This paper by Andrei Gheorghe, Philipp Hornung, Sigurd Reiss and Robert Vierlinger provides insight into a new robotic plastic forming process through the prototypical construction of a full scale structure.

This dissertation by Inês Alexandra do Côrro Caetano discusses the development of a framework for the design of facades. This work started with an analysis of a large corpus of contemporary facades, which were classified into different categorical dimensions.

This article by Ajla Aksamija, Todd Snapp, Michael Hodge and Ming Tang discusses a research/teaching collaboration between Perkins+Will and the University of Cincinnati and a unique design studio that was initiated as part of this collaboration.

This thesis by Philipp Eisenbach examines the contradiction of the possibility to reduce cross-section dimensions, and the complexity of the discontinued homogeneity arising from segmentation.

This paper investigates the potential for combining standard building materials with customised nodes that are individually optimised in response to local load conditions in non- standard, irregular, or doubly curved frame structures.

This thesis by Michael Ramirez focuses on using optimization to computationally construct doubly-curved configurations of the Spin-Valence pattern logic from input surfaces. To accomplish this, optimization in Rhinoceros v6 and Python v3.7 is used.

This paper presents methodology and implementation of parametric architectural design of bricklaying walls fabricated by industrial robotic arm. As a design tool Grasshopper is used, a visual programming editor that runs within the Rhinoceros 3D CAD application.

This thesis by Diego Alfonso Rivera advances a recent work on the optimization of patterned surface structures used for architecture and structural engineering.

This paper by Salma El Ahmar, Antonio Fioravanti and Mohamed Hanafi, attempts to link biological principles with computational design in order to present a design methodology that aids interested architects within the preliminary design phase.

In this master thesis by Henrik Green & Daniel Lauri a form finding algorithm for grid shells has been developed.  The algorithm is based on dynamic relaxation with kinetic damping coupled with a structural evaluation by the finite element method.

This paper by Irina Miodragovic Vella and Toni Kotnik reassesses stereotomy at its fundamental levels, as a material system based on generative processes that assimilate structure and construction through parameterization.

This paper by Samuel Leder, Ramon Weber, Lauren Vasey, Maria Yablonina and Achim Menges presents Voxelcrete, a discrete, voxel-based, reconfigurable slip formwork system for the creation of non-standard concrete structures.

This thesis by Christopher W. Norton examines the potential for parametric design software to create performance based design using acoustic metrics as the design criteria.

This paper by Andrea Quartara and Angelo Figliola explores the process of digital materialization through robotic fabrication techniques by presenting three wooden projects.

The purpose for the thesis has been to advance SMART Form by implementing beam elements and explore how bending action can be used in the form finding process, allowing for a compromise between initial geometry and fully form found geometry.

This paper explains a method used during a workshop for constructing complex-curved geometry with quad edge panels. authors demonstrate that quad-edge mesh data structure can efficiently be used to construct complex large shapes.

This thesis by Niloofar Nikookar examines recent projects where representational and fabrication technology is integrated into the architectural design and production process.