The subject of this article by Katia Bertoldi, Vincenzo Vitelli, Johan Christensen and Martin van Hecke is Flexible Mechanical Metamaterials. Mechanical metamaterials exhibit properties and functionalities that cannot be realized in conventional materials.
In this article the authors, Sebastien J.P.Callens and Amir A.Zadpoor review recent origami and kirigami techniques that can be used for this purpose, discuss their underlying mechanisms, and create physical models to demonstrate and compare their feasibility.
This paper by Milena Stavric and Ognen Marina describes parametric approach in architectural design through elaboration of shift in paradigms in architecture that has brought to the idea of use of parametric modeling with emphasis on two different groups of parametric software and presents the possibilities of generative algorithms.
This paper presents the application of multi-objective genetic algorithms for holistic building design that considers multiple criteria; building energy use, capital cost, daylight distribution and thermal indoor environment. The optimization focus is related to building envelope parameters.
This paper by Chen Zhang,Martin Heine Kristensen, Jakob Soland Jensen, Per Kvols Heiselberg, Rasmus Lund Jensen abdMichal Pomianowski aims to investigate the performance of diffuse ceiling ventilation in a classroom.
This paper by Anh-Tuan Nguyen, Sigrid Reiter and Philippe Rigo provides an overview on the research and applications of simulation-based optimization methods in the building sector, aiming at clarifying recent advances and outlining potential challenges and obstacles in building design optimization.
This paper presents a prototype tool for the space planning phase, which automatically generates alternative floor plans, according to the architect’s preferences and desires, and assesses their thermal performance by coupling it with dynamic simulation.
The research team has utilized origami as inspiration for a thermally insulated rigid wall deployable shelter that can be erected manually through counterweighting. This paper presents a multiobjective shape optimization methodology which balances the priorities of structural performance (i.e., minimum deflections) and energy efficiency (i.e., minimum thermal energy load).
This article by Mostapha Sadeghipour Roudsari, Michelle Pak, Adrian Smith and Gordon Gill Architecture is about Ladybug: A Parametric environmental plugin for grasshopper. As high performance design is becoming more desirable in the field of architecture, the need for supporting architects with environmental analysis tools is also growing.
This paper by Renaud Alexis Danhaive and Caitlin T. Mueller is about Combining parametric modeling and interactive optimization. In architectural and structural design, current modeling and analysis tools are extremely powerful and allow one to generate and analyze virtually any structural shape.
This paper introduces an intuitive method for the modelling of free-form architecture with planar facets. The method, called Marionette by the authors, takes its inspiration from descriptive geometry and allows one to design complex shapes with one projection and the control of elevation curves.
Curved beams along freeform skins pose many challenges, not least on the level of basic geometry. A prototypical instance of this is presented by the glass facades of the Eiffel tower pavilions, and the interrelation between the differential geometric properties of the glass surface on the one hand, and the layout of beams on the other hand.
Architectural designs are frequently represented digitally as plane-faced meshes, yet these can be challenging to translate into built structures. Offsetting operations may be used to give thickness to meshes, and are produced by offsetting the faces, edges, or vertices of the mesh in an appropriately defined normal direction.
This paper presents a methodology to assist design decisions regarding the building envelope shape considering its implications on energy performance.
This paper investigates the identification of the PV blinds’ optimal design parametersbased on a cost-benefit approach. A methodology, that encompasses thermal comfort, visual comfort,and energy savings requirements while resolving the conflicting issues resulting from the fulfillment ofthese requirements, is highlighted.