Virus Capsid

The present paper introduces a mechanical model that helps to understand the expansion of a virus capsid in terms of classical principles of structural mechanics.

Edge of Chaos intelligent architecture

Edge of Chaos

This paper by Ruairi Glynn, Vasilija Abramovic and Johannes T. B. Overvelde, presents a project intended to make the complex “Edge of Chaos” theory tangible through an interactive installation based on metamaterial research which demonstrates emergent behavior using Cellular Automata.

robotically assembled spatial structures

Assembled Spatial Structures

This paper presents a design strategy for a lightweight steel structure assembled by two robots. The developed structure describes a novel typology of spatial structures and consists of steel tubes that form spatial configurations.

Robotic Constraints Informed Design

Robotic Constraints

In this paper, authors explore the various constraints in robotic fabrication and assembly processes, analyze their influence on design, and propose a methodology which bridges the gap between parametric design and robotic production.

Functional 3D Printed Space Frame

Functional Space Frame

In this paper by Felix Raspall and Carlos Banon, authors propose and discuss the application of Additive Manufacturing in complex space frames and the theoretical and practical implications.

Reconfigurable Architecture

Reconfigurable Architecture

It is the aim of this article by Ignacio Basterrechea to investigate the possibilities of an adaptable (and/or responsive) system that allows the constructions made today to morphologically adapt to future unforeseen requirements.

Chameleon Interactive Facade


This paper by Jae Wan Park, Kostas Terzidis and Takehiko Nagakura, proposes an interactive façade system capable of displaying the meaningful information extracted from this interaction using RFID.

4D Printing

4D Printing

This paper attempts to go beyond existing capabilities in 4D printing to create precise and universal folding techniques that approach a wider range of applications through a series of radically new physical models.

Cooperative Robotic Fabrication

Cooperative Robotic Fabrication

This paper by Andreas Thoma, David Jenny, Matthias Helmreich, Augusto Gandia, Fabio Gramazio and Matthias Kohler, presents a novel constructive system made solely of wood, enabled by a cooperative robotic fabrication process.

Origami Explorations

Origami Explorations

This research by Yomna Saad ElGhazi and Ayman Hassaan Ahmed Mahmoud, explores the possibilities of kinetic composition afforded by Origami different techniques using squared module.

Spatial Nets Computational and Material Study

Spatial Nets

This research focuses on an approximate control over the fundamental geometric characteristics of a reticular system such as node density and directionality. The proposal frames the favorable result of the weave to be three-dimensional and volumetric…

Multiscale Modeling

Multiscale Modeling

This paper introduces concepts and methodologies for multiscale modeling in architecture, and demonstrates their application to support bi-directional information flows in the design of a panelized, thin skinned metal structure.

The Social Weavers

The Social Weavers

The research presented here by Paul Nicholas, David Stasiuk and Tim Schork, describes the context of open-ended design spaces, and distinguishes between two characteristic modeling approaches…

Design Ecologies for Responsive Environments

Design Ecologies

This paper positions the development and performance of a responsive acoustic envelope system, called Resonant Chamber, within discourses in ecology, systems theory and cybernetics.

Mobile Robotic Brickwork

Mobile Robotic Brickwork

This paper, describes the implementation of a discrete in situ construction process using a location-aware mobile robot. An undulating dry brick wall is semi-autonomously fabricated in a laboratory environment set up to mimic a construction site.

Robotically-Constructed Metal Frame Structures

Metal Frame Structures

In this paper, authors present a computational technique that aids with the design of structurally-sound metal frames, tailored for robotic fabrication using an existing process that integrates automated bar bending, welding, and cutting.

Robot Simulation and Control for Architecture

Robot Simulation

In this paper, authors will discuss the use of a real-time programming environment for robot simulation/control and introduce a virtual robot, that allows architects to digitally prototype fabrication processes.

Urban Furniture

Urban Furniture

This paper by Christoph Schindler and Kyeni Mbiti, discusses a design course covering the complete process chain from parametric modelling to digital fabrication.

Eggshell: Ultra-Thin 3D Printed Formwork


This article, presents one possible application, a novel fabrication process that combines large-scale robotic fused deposition modeling 3D printing with simultaneous casting of a fast-hardening, set-on-demand concrete.

Geometry Exploration of Flexagons


This project by Jeffrey Sroka and Kihong Ku, aimed to expand the area of responsive shading systems through the novel application of a volumetric origami geometry – the flexagon.

Additive Manufacturing of Ceramics

Additive Manufacturing

The limitations of additive manufacturing of ceramics are quickly evolving and will soon create new potentials for architectural products and applications. This paper offers an overview of these limitations that are tested and examined through a case study.

Digitally Manufactured Ice Textures

Ice Textures

This research, explores the use of ice formwork textures on complex concrete architectural elements. The use of ice formwork, allows the production of architectural elements with complex geometries in a highly controlled offsite production process.

Robotically Fabricated Ice Formwork

Ice Formwork

This document by Enrico Pontello, Martin Tamke and Vasily Sitnikov, focuses on the exploration of casting complex concrete architectural elements with ice formwork.

Computation to Construction

Bridging the Gaps

This paper presents a craft-based approach to computation and its contribution to support artisans’ development in India. It is demonstrated through ongoing research on customising bricks and utilization of computationally generated asymmetrical Catalan vault.

Meteorosensitive Architecture

Meteorosensitive Architecture

In this paper by Steffen Reichert, Achim Menges and David Correa, the authors present research into autonomously responsive architectural systems that adapt to environmental changes using hygroscopic material properties.

The Greenhouse and Cabinet of Future Fossils

The Greenhouse

The Greenhouse and Cabinet of Future Fossils was commissioned by the American Philosophical Society Museum, funded by Heritage Philadelphia Program, a program of The Pew Center for Arts & Heritage.

Woven Compliant Composites

Woven Compliant Composites

In this paper by Olga Mesa, Saurabh Mhatre and Martin Bechthold, Simple fabrication and economic actuation principles are proposed to transform planar fabrics into three-dimensional configurations without using expensive molds.

Prestressed Gridshells

Prestressed Gridshells

This article, demonstrates the design potentials of a recently developed approach for generating smooth poly-hypar surfaces, freeform surfaces made of combinations of hyperbolic paraboloids (hypars).

Bodies in Formation

Bodies in Formation

Borne from the complex negotiation between liquid mass and tensile constraint, flexible formwork castings are resonant with material energy. Hard as stone, yet visually supple and fluid, the pre- cast architectural assemblies produced using flexible formwork techniques.