Robot Based Thermal Mass Distribution

Thermal Compositions

This work by Isak Worre Foged and Mads Brath Jensen develops, implements and tests a method and model for the distribution of material in relation to thermal performances through robot based extrusion of concrete.

Adaptive Industrial Robot Control for Designers

Adaptive Robot Control

In this research by Shani Sharif, Varun Agrawal and Larry Sweet, authors present a system to allow designers to adaptively control an industrial robot from within a 3D modeling environment, for the purpose of real time feedback.

Programmable Materials for Responsive Building Skins

Material Geometry

This paper by Alireza Borhani and Negar Kalantar is part of a body of research developing an exploratory dialogue between the built form and the environment, via experimentation with performative geometry and material.

Evolving Parametric Models using Genetic Programming with Artificial Selection

Genetic Programming

This paper by John Harding investigates an interactive evolution of visual programs currently used in popular parametric modelling software.

IT Driven Architectural Design

IT Driven Architecture

This paper by Sebastian Białkowski and Anetta Kępczyńska-Walczak discusses teaching parametric design as a supportive method of introducing design logic. Two case studies have been described, analysed and concluded.

Robotics in Architecture

Robotics in Architecture

This study by Mads Brath Mads Brath and Avishek Das investigates the technological and methodological challenges in establishing an indeterministic approach to robotic fabrication that allows for a collaborative and creative design/fabrication process.

Generative Algorithm for Architectural Design Based on Biomimicry Principles

Biomimicry Principles

The aim of this paper by Parag Sarwate and Akshay Patil is to understand and explore the application of generative modeling based on biomimicry principles to architectural design.

Parametric Approach in Planning and Design Process

Parametric Approach

This study by William Suyoto, Aswin Indraprastha and Heru W. Purbo offers discrete method in parametric design to solve problems during design process (programming, site planning, massing, structure planning, and facade planning).

Beyond Design Freedom Material Modelisation within Kangeroo Physics

Design Freedom

The goal of this research by Florian Chéraud is to introduce, within the Grasshopper environment, a tensile parameter, the Young Modulus, into the Kangaroo model.

Inform Form Perform

Inform Form Perform

In this paper, author propose taking the use of computers in aiding architectural design one step further; information and data should INFORM the project, driving the creation of a building FORM enabling it to PERFORM at higher levels than traditional design.

Caterpillar A Gcode translator in Grasshopper3d


This paper by HAO ZHENG, BARRAK DARWEESH, HEEWON LEE and LI YANG presents a framework that makes full use of three degrees of freedom of Computer Numerically Controlled (CNC) machines through the generation of Gcode in the Rhino and Grasshopper environment.

An Inquiry into Designing in Context using Generative Systems

Generative Systems

This paper by Sherif M. Abdelmohsen explores incorporating context in the process of designing using generative systems from ideation to fabrication, and explores the relationship between the emergent nature of generative design and the situated act of designing while using generative design tools.

3D Printed Ceramic Vault Shading Systems

Shading Systems

This paper presents the main challenges and outcomes achieved during the process of design and production of a vault cover system. Based on the discretization of a vault in hexagonal blocks, this system intends to control solar incidence by its adaptive inner structure.

Integration of Outdoor Thermal and Visual Comfort in Parametric Design

Thermal Comfort

To investigate the links between parametric form-making and outdoor comfort, a workshop at the Royal Danish Academy – aimed at the design of shelters – combined Parametric and Environmental Simulation Tools (ESTs) with the use of the most recent Grasshopper’s plug-ins.

Articulate Objects hard processes and soft effects

Articulate Objects

This paper by Clay Odom uses two recently completed projects to outline an approach to overcoming tendency to separate the objective and subjective. It describes an approach which is positioned within contemporary theory and explored through processes, methods and outcomes. 

Building Traditions with Digital Research Brick Architecture through Robotic Fabrication

Building Traditions

Robotic assembly technologies have been introduced in the field of architecture, opening new design and construction possibilities. This paper by Rui Oliveira and Jose Pedro Sousa intends to examine their application by examining how they can be used to connect with the traditions in brick construction.

HIVE Parametric Tool energy simulation


This paper by Amr Elesawy, Stefan Caranovic, Justin Zarb, Prageeth Jayathissa and Arno Schlueter presents HIVE, a new open source design toolbox, which focuses on teaching concepts of Energy and Climate Systems integration in buildings.

Daylight Optimization A Parametric Study of Urban Façades Design

Daylight Optimization

This paper by Mohammed Ayoub and Magdi Wissa aims to investigate techniques to mitigate the under-lit indoor environment for a group of buildings with variable heights and orientations, with regard to the urban façades parameters.

Feather-inspired social media data processing for generating developable surfaces: Prototyping an affective architecture

Affective Architecture

This paper by Chenjun Liu, Tsung-Hsien Wang, Mark Meagher and Chengzhi Peng presents the development of an interactive installation intended as a prototype of experimental affective architecture connected with social media data processing.

Programming Languages For Generative Design: A Comparative Study

Programming Languages

In this paper by António Leitão, Luís Santos and José Lopes, authors reconsider the role of TPLs in the design process and they present a comparative study of VPLs and modern TPLs. Their findings show that modern TPLs can be more productive than VPLs.

From shape to shell: a design tool to materialize freeform shapes using gridshell structures

Shape to Shell

This paper by Lionel Du Peloux, Olivier Baverel, Jean-François Caron and Frédéric Tayeb introduces and explains the design process of a gridshell in composite materials built in Paris in  2011 for the festival Soliday. A brief introduction presents the structural concept and the erection methodology employed.

Digital Design and Nonlinear Simulation for Additive Manufacturing of Soft Lattice Structures

Soft Lattice Structures

This article presents a digital design and manufacturing approach for soft lattices structures subject to large deformations and instabilities, for which applications in soft robotics, healthcare, personal protection, energy absorption, fashion and design are rapidly emerging.

Digital fabrication phasing for monolithic shells

Monolithic Shells

This paper by Stephanie CHALTIEL and Maite BRAVO exposes the process for the implementation of new digital and physical methods for monolithic  shells design  and construction  using digital  fabrication  techniques  combined  with enjoyable manual craft.

Parametric Models of Facade Designs of High-Rise Residential Buildings

Parametric Facades

This research by Yuchen Sharon Sung and Yingjui Tseng involves a study of skins of high-rise residential buildings using the methodology of shape grammar to find out the rules which determine the combinations of the facade patterns and to analyze the patterns’ parameters using software Grasshopper.

Kinetic Origami Surfaces From Simulation to Fabrication

Kinetic Origami

This article by Filipa Osório, Alexandra Paio and Sancho Oliveira describes the current state of an ongoing research that proposes the use of kinetic Rigid Origami foldable surfaces to be used as roofs for spaces with big spans and the practical contribution that the Design Studio Surfaces INPLAY has brought to it.

Performative Parametric Design of Radiation Responsive Screens

Performative Design

This study by Henry Marroquin, Mate Thitisawat and Emmanouil Vermisso addresses the need for flexible design method identified in today’s architectural practice. Different workflows for coupling the parametric design with simulations of heat flow and radiation are examined.

Parametric Urban Patterns Exploring and integrating graph-based spatial properties in parametric urban modelling

Parametric Urban Patterns

This article by Martin Bielik, Sven Schneider and Reinhard König presents a graph-based spatial analysis toolset which authors have recently developed as an extension of the visual scripting language Grasshopper3D for Rhino.

POP-OP:A Shape Memory-Based Morphing Wall

Morphing Wall

This project by Gabriel Esquivel, Dylan Weiser, Darren J Hartl and Daniel Whitten was inspired by Op Art, a twentieth century art movement and style in which artists sought to create an impression of movement on an image surface by means of an optical illusion.

Transformable structures in architectural engineering

Transformable Structures

This paper by N. De Temmerman, L. Alegria Mira, A. Vergauwen, H. Hendrickx & W. P. De Wilde explores the possibilities of transformable structures in architectural and structural engineering.

PolyBrick H2.0 Internal Bone-based Hydraulics in Bricks Through Controlled Water Flow From Micro-texturing and Surface Chemistry

PolyBrick H2.0

This project by Viola Zhang, William Qian and Jenny Sabin emerged from collaborative trans-disciplinary research between architecture, engineering, biology, and materials science to generate novel applications in micro-scale 3D printed ceramics.