Thinking difference: Theories and models of parametric design thinking

Parametric Design Thinking

The paper by Rivka Oxman examines the uniqueness of seminal parametric design concepts, and their impact on models of parametric design thinking (PDT).

Hangzhou Tennis Center Parametric Design

Hangzhou Tennis Center

This paper by Nathan Miller will provide a detailed overview of the parametric methodologies which were integral to the design and development of the Hangzhou Tennis Center.

Computational Design Thinking

Computational Design Thinking

This paper presents how advancements in technology and computation may change the process of design. Intelligent Design Systems are introduced as a successful example of teaching “Computational Methods” by Dr. Arash Soleimani.

Additive Formwork

Additive Formwork

Additive Formwork by Brian Peters, explores the potential and advantages of 3D printed, flexible formwork for precast concrete architectural applications.

A New Approach to Modeling Frit Patterns for Daylight Simulation

Modeling Frit Patterns

This paper by Mostapha Sadeghipour Roudsari and Anne Waelkens introduces a custom workflow for modeling frit patterns for daylight simulation on buildings, which streamlines quantitative and qualitative daylight analysis.

Optimizing Creatively in Multi-Objective Optimization

Optimizing Creatively

This research by Yassin Ashour and Branko Kolarevic outlines a creative optimization workflow using a Multi-Objective Optimization engine called Octopus that runs within Grasshopper3D and simulation software DIVA for daylight factor analysis.

Digital Design Ecology An Analysis for an Intricate Framework of Architectural Design

Digital Design Ecology

This paper by Jessie Rogers and Marc Aurel Schnabel evaluates, along with expert assessment, the novel, evolving and creative instruments employed for a digital design process. Applications within this paper derive outputs which are attention-grabbing.

Tangible Grasshopper A method to combine physical models with generative, parametric tools

Tangible Grasshopper

In this paper by Boris Plotnikov, Gerhard Schubert and Frank Petzold, A design platform has been developed which supports a seamless connection between freely shaped physical models, GIS data and Grasshopper3D. 

Deployable Structures

Deployable Structures

In this paper by Andrea E. Del Grosso and Paolo Basso, the behavior and purpose of deployable structures are considered to be quite specific, focusing on the change of shape, which is usually obtained by a single degree of freedom transformation.

Topology optimization and digital assembly of advanced space-frame structures

Topology Optimization

This paper by Asbjørn Søndergaard, Oded Amir and Michael Knauss presents a novel method for the integrated design, optimization and fabrication of space-frame structures in an autonomous, digital process.

Building Skin Intelligence

Building Skin Intelligence

The research presents a methodology and tool development which delineates a performance-based design integration to address the design, simulation, and proving of an intelligent building skin design and its impact on daylighting performance.

Adaptive Envelopes

Adaptive Envelopes

The paper by Marta Barozzi et al. presents an overview of adaptable envelopes and shading systems applied in contemporary architecture; it offers a study of different design approaches and a brief analysis of exemplifying case studies.

Brick Pattern Generator

Brick Pattern Generator

This paper proposes a framework for automated brickwork using a machine learning model based on image-to-image translation (Conditional Generative Adversarial Networks).

Shape Grammars

Shape Grammars

In this research it is of special concern to encapsulate Garifuna vernacular architecture by means of shape grammars. The research provides a clear documentation of the grammars implemented in Grasshopper.

Biomimetic Geometry

Biomimetic Geometry

This paper by Aleksandar Čučaković, Biljana Jović and Mirjana Komnenov provides an initial exploration of natural forms streamed into geometric patterns, providing a basis for further research that may find use in generative architectural design.

Architectural Experiments

Architectural Experiments

This paper by Aleksandru Vuja, Milan Lečić and Vesna-Mila Čolić-Damjanović examines some of the recent developments in the architectural design through analysis of selected architectural projects and their models.

Ceramic 3D printing – The future of brick architecture

Ceramic 3D Printing

This paper by Paulo J.S. CRUZ et al. presents the main challenges and outcomes of an ongoing research project aiming to explore the integration of digital additive manufacturing techniques in the architectural design.

Concrete Continuum: Concept, Calculus, & Construction Connected Through Parametric Representation

Concrete Continuum

This paper by Tristan Al-­Haddad, Keyan Rahimzadeh and Jill Fredrickson outlines a custom-built suite of scripts that automate the processes of reinforced concrete design and is directly linked to the parametric design model of the architect.

Parametric modulations in Masonry

Parametric Modulations

The focus of the research presented in this paper by Tristan Al-Haddad asks how a designer can create a flexible system of physical making which can accommodate multiple programmatic functions within a smooth whole.

Systematic approach to design builds for freeform façade: AFA Cultural Center

AFA Cultural Center

This paper by Begüm Aktaş and M. Birgül Çolakoğlu presents how freeform façade designs are defined with its curvilinear geometric characteristics and the systematic approach that is used to design and implement them.

Computational Environments with Multimodal Representations of Architectural Design Knowledge

Computational Environments

This article by Ajla Aksamija and Ivanka Iordanova discusses interaction between multimodal representations of architectural design knowledge, particularly focusing on relating explicit and implicit types of information.

Material & Space Synthesis Strategies based on Evolutionary Developmental Biology

Material & Space

Material & Space, a paper by Sean Ahlquist and Sean Ahlquist proposes synthesis strategies based on
evolutionary developmental biology. A material system can be defined as a set of self-organized materials, defining a certain spatial arrangement.

Teaching Design by Coding in Architecture Undergraduate Education

Coding in Architecture

In this study by Asli Agirbas an elective undergraduate course is considered in the context of design and to yield a versatile thinking strategy while learning the language of visual programming.

Integrated Generative Technique for Interactive Design of Brickworks

Interactive Brickworks Design

This research by Kereshmeh Afsari et al. looks into the parametric techniques that can be applied to create different kinds of patterns on brick walls. It discusses a methodology for an interactive brickwork design within generative techniques.

Using Tensegrity and Folding to Generate Soft Responsive Architectural Skins

Responsive Architectural Skins

This paper by Sherif Abdelmohsen, Passaint Massoud and Ahmed Elshafei describes the process of designing a prototype for a soft responsive system for a kinetic building facade.

Emergence and Autonomy

This paper reports on the process and outcomes of a digital design studio that integrates parametric design and generative systems in architectural and urban design projects. It explores the interrelationship between the emergence of innovative formal representations using parametric design systems on the one hand, and design autonomy;

CREASE Synchronized Gait Through Folded Geometry


This research by Olga Mesa et al. continues to investigate the link between kinematics and pop-up origami structures in robotics. The objective was to design a robot that exhibited efficient and controlled locomotion minimizing number of motors.

Unprintable Forms

Unprintable Forms

This paper by Yota Adilenidou et al. presents a 3D Concrete Printing (3DCP) experiment at the full scale of virtual architectural bodies developed through a computational technique based on the use of Cellular Automata (CA).

Robotic Fabrication of Foam Shell Structures

Foam Shell Structures

This research by Marko Jovanovic et al. proposed an alternative approach based on implementation of expanded polystyrene (EPS), a non-standard material for shells, in the process of industrial robot fabrication that enables fast and precise cutting.

Combinatorial Design Non-parametric computational design strategies

Combinatorial Design

This paper by Jose Sanchez outlines a framework and conceptualization of combinatorial design. Combinatorial design is a term coined to describe non-parametric design strategies that focus on the permutation and patterning of discrete units.