Transforming ﬂat sheets into three-dimensional structures has emerged as an exciting manufacturing paradigm on a broad range of length scales. Among other advantages, this technique permits the use of functionality-inducing planar processes on ﬂat starting materials, which after shape-shifting, result in a unique combination of macro-scale geometry and surface topography.
The present paper introduces a mechanical model that helps to understand the expansion of a virus capsid in terms of classical principles of structural mechanics.
A reciprocal frame (RF) is a self-supporting structure made up of three or more sloping rods, which form a closed circuit, namely an RF unit.
This paper by Ruairi Glynn, Vasilija Abramovic and Johannes T. B. Overvelde, presents a project intended to make the complex “Edge of Chaos” theory tangible through an interactive installation based on metamaterial research which demonstrates emergent behavior using Cellular Automata.
This paper presents a design strategy for a lightweight steel structure assembled by two robots. The developed structure describes a novel typology of spatial structures and consists of steel tubes that form spatial configurations.
In this paper, authors explore the various constraints in robotic fabrication and assembly processes, analyze their influence on design, and propose a methodology which bridges the gap between parametric design and robotic production.
In this paper by Felix Raspall and Carlos Banon, authors propose and discuss the application of Additive Manufacturing in complex space frames and the theoretical and practical implications.
It is the aim of this article by Ignacio Basterrechea to investigate the possibilities of an adaptable (and/or responsive) system that allows the constructions made today to morphologically adapt to future unforeseen requirements.
This paper by Jae Wan Park, Kostas Terzidis and Takehiko Nagakura, proposes an interactive façade system capable of displaying the meaningful information extracted from this interaction using RFID.
This paper attempts to go beyond existing capabilities in 4D printing to create precise and universal folding techniques that approach a wider range of applications through a series of radically new physical models.
This paper by Andreas Thoma, David Jenny, Matthias Helmreich, Augusto Gandia, Fabio Gramazio and Matthias Kohler, presents a novel constructive system made solely of wood, enabled by a cooperative robotic fabrication process.
This research by Yomna Saad ElGhazi and Ayman Hassaan Ahmed Mahmoud, explores the possibilities of kinetic composition afforded by Origami different techniques using squared module.
This research focuses on an approximate control over the fundamental geometric characteristics of a reticular system such as node density and directionality. The proposal frames the favorable result of the weave to be three-dimensional and volumetric…
This paper introduces concepts and methodologies for multiscale modeling in architecture, and demonstrates their application to support bi-directional information flows in the design of a panelized, thin skinned metal structure.
The research presented here by Paul Nicholas, David Stasiuk and Tim Schork, describes the context of open-ended design spaces, and distinguishes between two characteristic modeling approaches…
This paper positions the development and performance of a responsive acoustic envelope system, called Resonant Chamber, within discourses in ecology, systems theory and cybernetics.
This paper, describes the implementation of a discrete in situ construction process using a location-aware mobile robot. An undulating dry brick wall is semi-autonomously fabricated in a laboratory environment set up to mimic a construction site.
In this paper, authors present a computational technique that aids with the design of structurally-sound metal frames, tailored for robotic fabrication using an existing process that integrates automated bar bending, welding, and cutting.
In this paper, authors will discuss the use of a real-time programming environment for robot simulation/control and introduce a virtual robot, that allows architects to digitally prototype fabrication processes.
This paper by Christoph Schindler and Kyeni Mbiti, discusses a design course covering the complete process chain from parametric modelling to digital fabrication.
This article, presents one possible application, a novel fabrication process that combines large-scale robotic fused deposition modeling 3D printing with simultaneous casting of a fast-hardening, set-on-demand concrete.
This project by Jeffrey Sroka and Kihong Ku, aimed to expand the area of responsive shading systems through the novel application of a volumetric origami geometry – the flexagon.
The limitations of additive manufacturing of ceramics are quickly evolving and will soon create new potentials for architectural products and applications. This paper offers an overview of these limitations that are tested and examined through a case study.
This research, explores the use of ice formwork textures on complex concrete architectural elements. The use of ice formwork, allows the production of architectural elements with complex geometries in a highly controlled offsite production process.
This document by Enrico Pontello, Martin Tamke and Vasily Sitnikov, focuses on the exploration of casting complex concrete architectural elements with ice formwork.
This paper presents a craft-based approach to computation and its contribution to support artisans’ development in India. It is demonstrated through ongoing research on customising bricks and utilization of computationally generated asymmetrical Catalan vault.
In this paper by Steffen Reichert, Achim Menges and David Correa, the authors present research into autonomously responsive architectural systems that adapt to environmental changes using hygroscopic material properties.
The Greenhouse and Cabinet of Future Fossils was commissioned by the American Philosophical Society Museum, funded by Heritage Philadelphia Program, a program of The Pew Center for Arts & Heritage.
In this paper by Olga Mesa, Saurabh Mhatre and Martin Bechthold, Simple fabrication and economic actuation principles are proposed to transform planar fabrics into three-dimensional configurations without using expensive molds.
This article, demonstrates the design potentials of a recently developed approach for generating smooth poly-hypar surfaces, freeform surfaces made of combinations of hyperbolic paraboloids (hypars).