Ceramic 3D printing – The future of brick architecture

Ceramic 3D Printing

This paper by Paulo J.S. CRUZ et al. presents the main challenges and outcomes of an ongoing research project aiming to explore the integration of digital additive manufacturing techniques in the architectural design.

Concrete Continuum: Concept, Calculus, & Construction Connected Through Parametric Representation

Concrete Continuum

This paper by Tristan Al-­Haddad, Keyan Rahimzadeh and Jill Fredrickson outlines a custom-built suite of scripts that automate the processes of reinforced concrete design and is directly linked to the parametric design model of the architect.

Parametric modulations in Masonry

Parametric Modulations

The focus of the research presented in this paper by Tristan Al-Haddad asks how a designer can create a flexible system of physical making which can accommodate multiple programmatic functions within a smooth whole.

Systematic approach to design builds for freeform façade: AFA Cultural Center

AFA Cultural Center

This paper by Begüm Aktaş and M. Birgül Çolakoğlu presents how freeform façade designs are defined with its curvilinear geometric characteristics and the systematic approach that is used to design and implement them.

Computational Environments with Multimodal Representations of Architectural Design Knowledge

Computational Environments

This article by Ajla Aksamija and Ivanka Iordanova discusses interaction between multimodal representations of architectural design knowledge, particularly focusing on relating explicit and implicit types of information.

Material & Space Synthesis Strategies based on Evolutionary Developmental Biology

Material & Space

Material & Space, a paper by Sean Ahlquist and Sean Ahlquist proposes synthesis strategies based on
evolutionary developmental biology. A material system can be defined as a set of self-organized materials, defining a certain spatial arrangement.

Teaching Design by Coding in Architecture Undergraduate Education

Coding in Architecture

In this study by Asli Agirbas an elective undergraduate course is considered in the context of design and to yield a versatile thinking strategy while learning the language of visual programming.

Integrated Generative Technique for Interactive Design of Brickworks

Interactive Brickworks Design

This research by Kereshmeh Afsari et al. looks into the parametric techniques that can be applied to create different kinds of patterns on brick walls. It discusses a methodology for an interactive brickwork design within generative techniques.

Using Tensegrity and Folding to Generate Soft Responsive Architectural Skins

Responsive Architectural Skins

This paper by Sherif Abdelmohsen, Passaint Massoud and Ahmed Elshafei describes the process of designing a prototype for a soft responsive system for a kinetic building facade.

Emergence and Autonomy

This paper reports on the process and outcomes of a digital design studio that integrates parametric design and generative systems in architectural and urban design projects. It explores the interrelationship between the emergence of innovative formal representations using parametric design systems on the one hand, and design autonomy;

CREASE Synchronized Gait Through Folded Geometry


This research by Olga Mesa et al. continues to investigate the link between kinematics and pop-up origami structures in robotics. The objective was to design a robot that exhibited efficient and controlled locomotion minimizing number of motors.

Unprintable Forms

Unprintable Forms

This paper by Yota Adilenidou et al. presents a 3D Concrete Printing (3DCP) experiment at the full scale of virtual architectural bodies developed through a computational technique based on the use of Cellular Automata (CA).

Robotic Fabrication of Foam Shell Structures

Foam Shell Structures

This research by Marko Jovanovic et al. proposed an alternative approach based on implementation of expanded polystyrene (EPS), a non-standard material for shells, in the process of industrial robot fabrication that enables fast and precise cutting.

Combinatorial Design Non-parametric computational design strategies

Combinatorial Design

This paper by Jose Sanchez outlines a framework and conceptualization of combinatorial design. Combinatorial design is a term coined to describe non-parametric design strategies that focus on the permutation and patterning of discrete units.

Potentials of robotic fabrication in wood construction: elastically bent timber sheets with robotically fabricated finger joints

Robotic Fabrication in Wood

This paper by Oliver David Krieg and Achim Menges presents current research into architectural potentials of robotic fabrication in wood construction based on elastically bent timber sheets with robotically fabricated finger joints.

Discrete vs. Discretized Growth, Discretized Fabrication of Geometries Generated with Cellular Growth Simulations

Discrete vs. Discretized Growth

This paper by Christoph Klemmt, Igor Pantic, Andrei Gheorghe and Adam Sebestyen, propose a methodology of discretized free-form Cellular Growth algorithms in order to utilize the emerging qualities of growth simulations for architectural design.

Centennial Chromagraph Data Spatialization and Computational Craft

Centennial Chromagraph

This paper by Adam Marcus describes the design, fabrication, and assembly process of Centennial Chromagraph: a large-scale installation recently constructed for the centennial anniversary of the University of Minnesota School of Architecture.

Discrete Computaional Methods for Roboic Addiive Manufacturing

Robotic Manufacturing

This paper by Gilles Retsin and Manuel Jiménez García is part of a larger, emerging body of research into large scale 3D Printing. The research attempts to develop a computational design method specifically for large-scale 3D printing of architecture.

Robotic Fabrication Of Acoustic Brick Walls

Acoustic Brick Walls

The paper by Maximilian Vomhof, Lauren Vasey, Fabio Gramazio, Matthias Kohler, Stefan Bräuer, Kurt Eggenschwiler and Jürgen Strauss presents research on a robotically fabricated acoustic wall system, “Acoustic Brick Wall”.

ROAMNITURE Multi-Stable Soft Robotic Structures


This paper by Vasilija Abramovic, Ruairi Glynn and Henri Achten presents the preliminary results of the Roamniture Project, a hybrid approach to developing kinetic architecture based on a combination of rigid and soft body dynamics.

Shading With Folded Surfaces Designing with material, visual and digital considerations

Folded Shadings

This paper by Nancy Yen-wen Cheng describes the design of origami-inspired window shades, part of the Shaping Light project that explores how adjustable surface structures can modulate light levels and heat gain in response to the changing seasons.

PneumaKnit pneumatically actuated systems


This research by Sean Ahlquist, Wes McGee and Shahida Sharmin explores the development of seamless pneumatically actuated systems whose motion is controlled by the combination of differentially knitted textiles and standardized thin-walled silicone tubing.

From Bones to Bricks, Designing the 3D Printed Durotaxis Chair and La Burbuja Lamp

Bones to Bricks

This paper “From Bones to Bricks” by Alvin Huang describes design and fabrication of Durotaxis Chair and La Burbuja Lamp inspired from the variable density structures of bones and the self-supported cantilvers of corbelled brick arches.

Adaptive Fabrication Cellular Concrete Casting Using Digital Moulds

Adaptive Fabrication

This paper by Zubin Khabazi and Michael Budig will present a research, focusing on the use of concrete through the development of a custom-designed device, which is an adjustable digital mould. 

Construction system for reversible self-formation of gridshells

Reversible Gridshells

This paper by Efilena Baseta and Klaus Bollinger presents a construction system which offers an efficient materialization method for double-curved gridshells. This results in an active-bending system of controlled deflections.

Pneumatically Actuated Material Exploration of Morphospace of an Adaptable System

Actuated Material

This research in progress by Lynn Kieffer and Paul Nicholas investigates a design and fabrication method of an adaptable and programmable composite material in an embodied computation system.

Remembrane: A Shape Changing Adaptive Structure


This paper by Ji Won Jun et al. presents a research on adaptive kinetic structures using shape memory alloys as actuators. The target of the research is designing and building an efficient kinetic structural system that could be applied at an architectural scale.

Post-forming Composite Morphologies: Materialization and design methods for inducing form through textile material behavior

Composite Morphologies

The research described in this paper by Sean Ahlquist et al. embeds properties of both elastic textile and bending-resistant composites within a single material structure. This is accomplished through a composite forming process.

Design, fabrication and assembly of Caret 6, a modern Gothic vault

Caret 6

This paper by Kory Bieg tracks the design, fabrication and assembly of Caret 6, a modern Gothic vault project designed using advanced digital software and CNC fabrication technologies.

Integrative Computational Design Methodologies For Modular Architectural Fiber Composite Morphologies

Composite Morphologies

This paper by Achim Menges et al. examines the framework of computational design methodologies incorporating material, structure, fabrication and morphogenetic principles for design and digital fabrication of lightweight fiber composite components.